The Link Between Cardiovascular Disease and Hearing Loss: A Growing Role for Audiologists

The Link Between Cardiovascular Disease and Hearing Loss: A Growing Role for Audiologists
By Dr. Ha-Sheng Li-Korotky AuD, PhD, MD

A growing body of research is showing a significant correlation between cardiovascular disease and low-frequency hearing loss. Moreover, the studies underscore a growing need for Audiologists and Physicians to work in partnership for the best health outcome of patients.

Most of the studies focus on the consequences of decreased blood supply due to cardiovascular compromise, and the downstream negative effects on the inner ear blood vessel health. The inner ear is extremely sensitive to blood flow, and there appears to be a strong relationship between the health of the cardiovascular system (heart, arteries, and veins) and hearing. These studies indicate that a healthy cardiovascular system promotes healthy hearing, but inadequate blood flow and resulting damage to the blood vessels of the inner ear can contribute to hearing loss.

A recent study, Audiometric Pattern as a Predictor of Cardiovascular Status: Development of a Model for Assessment of Risk, suggests that low-frequency hearing loss could be a marker for cardiovascular disease rather than a result of the disease, and low-frequency audiometric patterns can be used probabilistically to predict cardiovascular health. An underlying premise of the study is that vascular aspects (decreased blood supply) of cardiovascular disease show up as abnormalities in the condition of inner ear blood flow before they are revealed in the heart, brain, arteries, kidneys, or eyes, due to the inner ear's extreme sensitivity to blood flow.

Key findings in this study indicate that low-frequency hearing loss could be an early indicator of cerebrovascular disease (an indicator of stroke potential) or a predictor for developing cardiovascular disease. Findings were presented in 2009 at a Combined Otolaryngology Spring Meeting by David R. Friedland, MD, PhD., and published in The Laryngoscope (119:473-486, 2009).

Dr. Friedland summed up the important potential application of the study: "We propose that low-frequency hearing loss is a marker for cardiovascular disease rather than the other way around. Low-frequency hearing loss would thus represent a potential predictor of impending cardiovascular events or underlying disease. We suggest that clinicians may use the audiogram as a sensitive and reproducible screen for cardiovascular compromise".

Considering the strength of the evidence, researchers conclude that patients with an audiogram pattern of low-frequency hearing loss present a higher risk for cardiovascular events, and that appropriate referrals may be necessary, especially if they have no history of vascular compromise.

Audiologists commonly refer patients to Physicians when they suspect medical problems. These studies (and others which will be highlighted in future articles) should promote a call to action for physicians to refer more patients to Audiologists when they suspect hearing loss. Many Audiologists have AuD academic credentials, significant medical knowledge, and the advanced diagnostic equipment necessary to uncover the potential for underlying medical conditions. In any case, these and other studies suggest an increasing role for Audiologists to support the overall health of patients.

Dr Li-Korotky has AuD, PhD, and MD credentials. She is well respected as a researcher and clinician, with 20+ years of rich experience and more than 100 scientific publications.

The Doctor is particularly interested in medical aspects of hearing loss and the growing role for Audiologists to diagnose and predict the probability of underlying medical conditions.

Dr. Li-Korotky is the President of Pacific Northwest Audiology, and her LinkedIn profile can be found here,

Article Source:,_PhD,_MD/1450653

What Sugar and Fat Have in Common - And Why You Should Care

What Sugar and Fat Have in Common - And Why You Should Care

Submitted by: Lorraine Matthews Antosiewicz

Holiday indulgences can result in more than gaining a few extra pounds. Fatty sweet cookies, pies, and candy as well as excess calories and alcohol can lead to a spike in your triglycerides. Why should this concern you? It may be putting you at risk for heart disease. Read on and learn how to avoid it.

What are triglycerides?

Triglycerides are a type of fat that come from food, and your body also makes them. They are the most common type of fat found in the body. Triglycerides are continually circulating in the blood ready to be metabolized to provide a source of energy when needed, but their main function is to store energy for later use. When you consume more calories than your body can use, it converts the excess into triglyceride and stores it in fat cells. Fat cells hold the triglyceride molecules until your body needs energy between meals. Hormones signal the fat cells to release the triglycerides for your body to use.

Why do triglycerides matter?

When present in excess, triglycerides can be stored as fat which may lead to obesity and related health conditions over time. Research suggests that high levels of triglycerides in the blood may increase the risk of developing coronary artery disease, diabetes, and fatty liver disease. According to the American Heart Association, young people with high triglyceride levels have a four times greater risk of developing heart disease or having a stroke than young people with normal triglyceride levels.

How are triglycerides measured?

Triglyceride levels in the blood are measured by a simple blood test. Your doctor will usually check for high triglycerides as part of a routine cholesterol screening called a lipid panel or lipid profile. Fasting for nine to 12 hours is required before blood is drawn for an accurate triglyceride measurement.

What is considered a normal triglyceride level?

The American Heart Association guidelines for triglyceride levels are as follows:

• healthy: below 100 milligrams per deciliter of blood (mg/dL)

• borderline high: 150 to 199 mg/dL

• high: 200 to 499 mg/dL

• very high: 500 mg/dL and above.

What causes high triglycerides?

Some people have a genetic predisposition to manufacture excessive amounts of triglycerides. Triglycerides can become elevated as a result of having diabetes, hypothyroidism, or kidney disease. Being overweight and inactive can also contribute to abnormal triglycerides. Dietary factors play a role as well.

How does diet affect triglycerides?

Eating too much of the wrong kinds of fats - saturated and trans fats - can raise your blood triglycerides. Triglyceride levels can also rise after drinking alcohol or eating foods that are high in carbohydrates especially sugary and refined carbs. This includes sugar, honey, agave and other sweeteners, soda and other sugary drinks, candy, baked goods, and anything made with white (refined) flour including white bread, cereals, pastries, white pasta, and white rice. Dried fruit and fruit juice contain high amounts of fructose which has a strong impact on raising triglyceride levels.

What is the recommended intake for sugar?

The American Heart Association recommends no more than 6 teaspoons per day (25 grams) of added sugar for adult women and 9 teaspoons (37.5 grams) for men. While all individuals should limit sugar intake, it is especially important for those with increased triglyceride levels. Consumption of sugary low-quality refined carbs causes a sudden rise in insulin, which may lead to a spike in triglycerides.

About the Author: Lorraine Matthews-Antosiewicz, MS RD, is a food and nutrition expert specializing in weight management and digestive health. She is committed to empowering people through education, support, and inspiration to make real changes that lead to optimal health and lasting weight loss. Take her Free Self-Assessment and learn how you can lose 20 lb. - or more. Jump Start your weight loss today! This article was originally published at and has been syndicated with permission.

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Vitamin C: Why You Can’t Assume You’re Getting Enough

Vitamin C: Why You Can’t Assume You’re Getting Enough

Submitted by: Steve P Smith

Many benefits of vitamin C have been identified since the consumption of citrus fruit was first recognised as the immediately effective cure and preventative for the scurvy which so dreadfully afflicted the long distance sailors of a few centuries ago.

Numerous studies have recognised the vitamin as a possible protector against coronary heart disease, stroke, atherosclerosis, hypertension and cancer, to name but a few, and it is possible that all of these effects stem ultimately from vitamin C’s acknowledged role as a powerful anti-oxidant, active in preventing the free radical damage which is a known cause of premature ageing and many chronic degenerative diseases.

So the absence of acute deficiency diseases such as scurvy in modern affluent societies should not be taken as implying that the typical Western diet contains an adequate intake of vitamin C for optimum long-term health.

The United States Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for vitamin C is 90 mg per day for a healthy, non-smoking man and 75 mg for a woman. But these suggested requirements are increased to 125mg and 110 mg respectively in the case of smokers, a tacit acknowledgement of the increased requirement for this vitamin which increased toxic stress places on the body. But these RDAs nevertheless appear to be set at a level sufficient only to avoid outright deficiency disease.

To be sure of obtaining all the optimum benefits of vitamin C, the authoritative Linus Pauling Institute has recommended a daily minimum intake of at least 400 mg. This amount has been shown to achieve saturation levels of the vitamin within the body’s tissues in healthy young adults who are non-smokers. To get this in perspective, even the consumption of the recommended five daily servings of fruits and vegetables may provide just 200 mg of vitamin C, whilst even commercial multi-vitamin supplements typically provide only around 60 mg.

But the real story’s actually even worse than this, not only because all too few people actually manage to consume the recommended quantities of fruit and vegetables, but because the nutritional quality of those that we do consume is poor, and getting worse.

As long ago as 1936, Senate Document 264 noted that the poor quality of American farm soils was leading to widespread nutritional deficiencies, and the 1992 Earth Summit reported that mineral concentrations in US farm soils were 85% lower than those of a hundred years ago.

Nor does the problem lie just in the soil. The modern Western diet’s preference for highly refined grains, and the treatment of fruits and vegetables with preservatives, dyes, pesticides and even radiation is a proven disaster for vitamin and mineral retention, as well as a significant toxic assault on the body.

Indeed, the problem for us in the twenty-first century is that our environment seems as though it might have been expressly designed for ill-health. Daily we’re exposed to a kind of toxic soup of pollutants such as industrial emissions, car exhausts, pesticides, herbicides, dyes and all kinds of everyday household chemicals. But as the liver works ever harder in an increasingly desperate struggle to detoxify the body, an unwelcome side effect is that it produces enormous quantities of the free radicals which are amongst the chief contributors to premature ageing and degenerative disease.

In these adverse circumstances it can only make sense to ensure that the body is as lavishly provided as possible with the top quality anti-oxidants of which vitamin C is certainly one of the most important.

Fortunately, high dosages of vitamin C are readily available as supplements and fortunately, too, it seems that the manufactured kind of l-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is chemically identical to that obtained naturally. This is not in any way to deny the importance of healthy eating, or to suggest that it doesn’t make sense to try and eat the recommended five daily servings of fruit and vegetables, because these contain a myriad of trace nutrients which operate synergistically within the body, and which all need to be present for optimum health.

It does suggest, however, that to rely on diet alone, however apparently healthy, may well be to risk missing out on the vital anti-oxidant properties of vitamin C which may in time be reflected in chronic, degenerative, if not acute, disease. It should be noted as well, that as a water-soluble compound, any excess vitamin C is harmlessly excreted by the body. So with all the health benefits of vitamin C at stake, it surely makes sense to err on the side of taking in too much rather than too little.

About the Author: Steve Smith is a freelance copywriter specialising in direct marketing and with a particular interest in health products. Find out more at

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The Healthy Obese Is A Myth - Being Overweight Will Kill You



Nearly six years ago, I published The Healthy Obese? Don't Bet Your Life On It which was a criticism of the extremely dangerous conception that people can be healthy and obese simultaneously. Six years later, new research shows that obesity can be quite deadly. Hopefully this will serve as a wake up call to anyone who still wants to believe that its physiologically healthy to carry around excess body fat.

Researchers conducted a meta-analysis of approximately 10.6 million people residing on four continents, and published their findings in the Lancet. They learned that overweight and obese people suffered from all cause mortality. All cause essentially means that these people died from diabetes, heart disease, cancer, stroke, obesity related respiratory disease, etc.

None of this should be taken lightly.

The research paper, prepared by The Global BMI Mortality Collaboration, sought to understand more about mortality in obese and overweight populations. Therefore they analyzed hundreds of studies involving approximately 11 million people across North America, east Asia, Australia, Europe and New Zealand.

Their findings are astounding. During nearly 14 years of follow up, more than one million people died. In an analysis of 237 studies involving 10 622 450 participants, the researchers noted that 1 601 774 people died from all cause mortality.

The results of 189 studies involving 3, 951, 455 participants, showed that approximately 400,000 of them passed away. At the time of their recruitment, those people had never smoked and did not suffer from chronic diseases, even though they survived the first five years of the study, 385, 879 of them eventually died.

In a word, that's pretty sad.


Obesity Is Going To Kill You Sooner Or Later

There is no doubt that obesity related illnesses killed those people.

The authors said their findings challenge conclusions that overweight (BMI 25.0 - < 30 kg/m2 ) and slightly obese people (BMI 30 - <35.0 kg/m2 ) were healthy.

In fact, analyses by The Global BMI Mortality Collaboration showed that morality was lowest among people with a body mass index (BMI) ranging from 20.0 - 25.0 kg/m2 but that the number of deaths increased "significantly" for those with BMI 18.5 - <20.0 kg/m2 and throughout the range of overweight participants (BMI 25.0 - 30.0 kg/m2 ). Participants with BMI exceeding 30 kg/m2 were also highly susceptible to obesity related mortality.

The research team noted that mortality risk was greatest among younger participants compared to older people in each of the major regions they studied. But I wouldn't interpret that to mean that older people are less likely to perish from obesity. Quite the opposite - the reason why mortality decreased with age is because many of the participants died before they reached old age!

What can be said of this? Why is excess body fat so unhealthy?

In a nutshell, excess body fat has the potential to throw the entire system out of whack.

But that answer won't be enough to satisfy some folks. So I'm going to present you with supporting examples. Get ready for a shock.

Visceral body fat - the fat which accumulates in and around the heart, lungs, spleen, liver and other organs - can impede their function.

Fat cells release chemical messengers known as cytokines. These chemicals can trigger inflammation. Inflammation is painful. But even worse, inflammatory cytokines have the power to turn on uncontrolled cellular growth i.e. cancer.

Excessive body fat weakens bones. It also makes life very uncomfortable for arthritis sufferers.

Excess fat makes it incredibly difficult to breath. Sleep apnea, a physical condition wherein people intermittently stop breathing during sleep, is often correlated with obesity.

Obesity is also known to aggravate asthmatic symptoms.

Obesity and diabetes often go hand in hand. People who suffer from insulin resistance tend to be overweight or obese. The Global BMI Mortality Collaboration noted as much in their meta-analysis. But there is scientific data supporting a relationship between diabetes, air pollution and heart disease risk. Indeed research coming from Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston found a connection between air pollution and increased risk of heart disease among diabetic women.

There are ample studies that show a relationship between obesity and heart disease. Allthough too numerous to discuss in this article, and important study from conducted by US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity found that overweight and obese American teens were at risk for at least one cardiovascular disease factor; even worse, the heaviest teens were at greatest risk for cardiovascular disease.

Obesity also increases stroke risk.  Diabetes increases risk of stroke as does high cholesterol and high blood pressure. Obese and overweight people tend suffer from high cholesterol and high blood pressure.

You're beginning to get the picture. One way or another, excess body fat is connected to each of the aforementioned maladies.

Therefore, it's absolutely dangerous underestimate the risks that being overweight or obese can do to the human body.


What Can Be Done?

The safest and most effective means of shedding the excess pounds is to change lifestyle habits. Fat accumulation is often the end result of an energy imbalance. Quite simply, most folks whom are overweight or obese eat more calories than they expend. Choosing to eat healthy foods and participate in physical exercise will help most people.

But for other people, the problem may require greater intervention. Hormonal imbalances and even medicinal side effects can cause people to gain weight. In such instances, health care professionals will have to take other steps to help their patients lose weight.

Some people may even find weight loss surgery effective.

Regardless of the method, exercise, nutrition, surgery, etc. it is vital to seek medical advice before making any changes.

Based on the result of their findings, The Global BMI Mortality Collaboration said:"The associations of both overweight and obesity with higher all-cause mortality were broadly consistent in four continents. This finding supports strategies to combat the entire spectrum of excess adiposity in many populations."

I agree. Obesity is a global epidemic; if steps aren't taken to reverse the problem, we can expect millions more to be killed by it.


But even if you should suffer for what is right, you are blessed. "Do not fear what they fear ; do not be frightened." 1 Peter 3:14

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Article References

The Global BMI Mortality Collaboration (2016). Body-mass index and all-cause mortality: individual-participant-data meta-analysis of 239 prospective studies in four continents The Lancet DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30175-1

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Visceral Fat Distribution Can Predict Liver Disease, Research Study Finds

New Study: Reducing Abdominal Fat May Not Lower Heart Attack Risk

Obese People Are In Pain

Obesity Increases Asthma Risk In Children and Teens

Pollution Makes Asthma Worse For Obese Adults

What You Need To Know About Stroke Symptoms

Diabetic Women Exposed To Air Pollution Have Greater Heart Disease Risk

American Teens Are At Risk For Cardiovascular Disease

Weight Loss Surgery Lowers Cardiovascular Risk, Study

Weight Loss Surgery Reduces Your Risk Of Dying From A Heart Attack

People With Sleep Apnea More Prone To Get Hurt At Work

Beer Bellies Make Your Bones Weaker, Study

Obesity Can Wreak Terrible Havok On The Knees

The Immune System, Inflammation, and Cancer


"The Healthy Obese Is A Myth - Being Overweight Will Kill You" copyright © 2016 Living Fit, Healthy and Happy(SM). All Rights Reserved.




Female Migraine Sufferers Have High Heart Disease Risk



Women who suffer from migraines might be at risk for heart disease, research suggests. According to a study published in BMJ, female migraine sufferers are also very likely to have heart problems. The findings of this study may help more women to recognize their risk for cardiovascular disease and may hopefully spur the development of new medicines to combat the deadly disease.

The findings are the result of an exhaustive study involving 115 541 participants in the Nurses’ Health Study II; at the beginning of the study, all of the participants were between 25-42 years and free of cardiovascular disease or angina. Yet, a significant number of the women (17,531) reportedly suffered from migraine headaches.

Tobias Kurth of the Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin Institute of Public Health and his colleagues at Harvard University, and Washington University's School of Medicine followed the women from 1989 through June 2011. During that time an additional 6,389 women were diagnosed with migraine.

Kurth et al noted that migraine sufferers tended to exhibit the following:

  • family history of heart attack
  • body mass index (BMI) above 30
  • smoke
  • high cholesterol
  • high blood pressure
  • use aspirin, acetaminophen, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)


Women, Migraines and Heart Disease

A certain portion of the participants passed away as a result of heart disease. Kurth et al found that 1,329 myoccardial events occurred (678 heart attacks, 651 strokes, 203 angina/coronary revascularization procedures performed) of which 223 died. 

Migraine sufferers were 50 % more likely to suffer from cardiovascular disease than women who did not experience migraines.

That migraine could be seen as a potential heart disease marker is astounding. The team pointed to several studies that also found associations between heart disease and migraines in women.

For example, a Taiwanese study of 11,541 young women between 18 - 45 years of age, found a higher incidence of heart disease among patients newly diagnosed with migraine.

Kurth and his colleagues said there are not currently any mechanisms that can help explain the increased risk of cardiovascular disease deaths among women with migraine. They call for further investigation which would look at whether statins and vitamin D could lower the risk of heart disease.

This is logical. Statins are a class of drugs that are used to control cholesterol. High cholesterol is a culprit in heart disease. Vitamin D is also believed to play a role in controlling fat accumulation.

Interestingly, though, research has also shown a relationship between statin use and increased diabetes risk.

Considering that type 2 diabetes is also a risk factor for heart disease, it is my opinion that future studies should also take this into account. Future research must look for relationships between migraine and type 2 diabetes. If such a relationship exists and if those diabetic patients had been taking statins prior to developing diabetes, that would have implications in and of itself.

Due to the prevalence of migraine in the general population, Kurth and his colleagues recognize need to understand the biological processes involved and to "provide preventative solutions to patients."

Hopefully that will happen.


God never grows weary in caring for His children. May God grant us strength to endure hardship and glorify His holy name.


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I'm living fit, healthy and happy(SM). Are you?


Article References

Kurth T, Winter AC, Eliassen AH, Dushkes R, Mukamal KJ, Rimm EB, Willett WC, Manson JE, & Rexrode KM (2016). Migraine and risk of cardiovascular disease in women: prospective cohort study. BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 353 PMID: 27247281

Low Vitamin D Is Linked To Weight Gain

Statins Could Increase Your Diabetes Risk


"Female Migraine Sufferers Have High Heart Disease Risk" copyright © 2016 Living Fit, Healthy and Happy(SM). All Rights Reserved.


Cardiovascular Disease And Women

Cardiovascular Disease And Women

Submitted by: Amanda Baker

Cardiovascular disease, also known as CVD, is the number one killer of men and women of all ethnic groups in the United States. Cardiovascular diseases include such ailments as high blood pressure, arrythmia, valve disease, congestive heart failure and stroke. Though worries of more "high profile" diseases such as breast cancer are on the forefront in many women's minds, the hard truth is that one in four women are affected with some form of cardiovascular disease.

Risk factors for cardiovascular diseases are things such as high blood pressure, obesity, abnormal blood glucose, and even the use of tobacco, among other factors. When caught at an early age, these risk factors can sometimes be muted to help prevent manifesting themselves as cardiovascular disease later on.

Altering your lifestyle can help to lower your chances for cardiovascular diseases. Such alterations as eating a diet that is low in fat and cholesterol, adding more fruits and vegetables to your diet, drinking enough water daily, and exercising for half an hour a day are all ways that physicians suggest can assist in lowering your chances for cardiovascular disease.

Cardiovascular diseases are known as silent killers, as they often have no symptoms. If you think you may be having any symptoms of heart disease, you should speak to your doctor about the many tests available. Doctors often begin with simple tests, the results of which can lead to tests that are more complex.

In connection with cardiovascular disease are "extra" heartbeats, which typically happen when there is an irritation in the lower part of the heart's pumping chambers. They interrupt the normal heart rhythm, which can feel like a missed beat. This can actually be a harmless "quirk" of your body's functions, or can lead to problems that are far more serious.

If a woman has these palpitations or any other symptoms such as dizziness, blurred vision, or shortness of breath, she should contact her doctor right away. A complete medical history, physical exam, and other tests will be run to determine the cause of these behaviors, which can be anything from stress-related behavior to something far more dangerous. The advice and consultation of a physician where heart disease is concerned is the only way to go.

This article is for information purposes only. If you have or think you might have any health condition, contact your primary care physician for proper diagnoses and treatment.

About the Author: Amanda Baker writes for To Be Informed: - a site for health, fitness and wellness. She also writes for - All Things Pondered.

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What Vital Nutrients Is Your Diet Missing?

What Vital Nutrients Is Your Diet Missing?

What Vital Nutrients Is Your Diet Missing?

By: Lee Dobbins

People today do not eat as well as they did even 30 years ago and many of us are starved for essential nutrients and don't even realize it. With today's fast paced lifestyles, it's more convenient to grab a fast food meal or energy bar then to cook up a balanced meal full of the nutrients our bodies need to work their best.

Our diets are woefully lacking in fruits and vegetables which provide us with vitamins, minerals, enzymes and fiber that help your immune systems fight off illness and disease. And when we do eat fruits and vegetables chances are they are full of pesticides and chemicals. No wonder our health on the whole is declining!

Below are several essential nutrients that are probably missing from your diet. Going for the quick fix and replacing them with supplements won't make up for the synergistic effects of these nutrients found in food and if you want to avoid the harmful effects of pesticides then it's best to go with organic foods when possible.

Vitamin A
Vitamin A gives us healthy eyes as well as helps to maintain the linings of the intestinal, respiratory, and urinary tracts. It also helps keep our skin healthy. To get more vitamin A in your diet, eat darkly-pigmented foods such as spinach, carrots, winter squash, kale, and sweet potato.

Vitamin C
Vitamin C is needed in order for our body to create collagen, which is basically the glue that holds our skin, bones and blood vessels together. It also aids in making brain chemicals, neutralizing damage from free radicals, and metabolizing cholesterol. Vitamin C has also been shown to help reduce arthritis, diabetes and heart disease. To add this vitamin to your diet, drink add a glass of orange juice or eat an orange every day. Other foods that contain vitamin C are strawberries, kiwifruit, red bell peppers, cantaloupe, Brussels sprouts, and broccoli.

Vitamin E
Vitamin E is an antioxidant that helps to neutralize free radicals and protect cells from damage. It plays a key role in the immune system and can even help prevent the common cold as well as lower the risk of Parkinson's disease. Foods high in vitamin E include sunflower kernels, almonds, and sunflower oil especially when used in salad dressings, which helps you get nutrients from the vegetables as well as carry the vitamin E into the bloodstream.

Fiber is the part of fruits, vegetables and whole grains that is not digested. Whole grains can lower your heart disease risk by 30 percent. It is recommended that you get 14g of fiber for every 1000 calories you eat. To get more fiber in your diet have a 1/2 cup serving of Fiber One cereal and add more beans to your diet. Switch to whole grain bread and eat lots of fruits and vegetables with your meals.

Calcium helps us build and maintain healthy teeth and bones. It prevents bone-thinning osteoporosis and also contributes to healthy blood pressure. Recent studies have shown that calcium can reduce the risk of colon cancer. To get enough calcium, drink three glasses of low-fat or fat-free milk a day, or eat eight ounces of fat-free yogurt along with 2-3 ounces of low-fat cheese evert day.

Magnesium and Potassium
Magnesium works together with calcium and along with potassium it is linked to healthy blood pressure. These two nutrients are also though to help protect against osteoporosis, diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. To get more magnesium, add a half-cup of bran and cooked spinach each day. For more potassium, eat sweet potatoes, white potatoes, bananas, and white beans.


Author Bio
Lee Dobbins writes for the A2Z Vitamin And Herbs Guide For Natural Healing where you can find out more about vitamins and herbs as well as natural healing methods.

Article Source: - Free Website Content

Cardiovascular Health & Nutrition

Cardiovascular Health & Nutrition

Submitted by: Glenn Antoine

Did you realize that the American Heart Association recommends implementing a plan for prevention of heart attack by the age of 20? How many people do you know in their 20’s that are really thinking about the prevention of a heart attack? The sad truth is that there are an increasing number of people that have their first heart attack by the age of 40. For many of those individuals the life style habits that are formed in their early years are directly contributing to those heart attacks. Foods high in fat, refined sugars and diets lacking the basic nutrients that our bodies need to operate at an optimal level are all contributing factors.

I’m sure that it is not new news to you that America’s number one killer is Heart Disease. But what you may not have realized is that it does not work alone. Heart Disease is part of a group of killers including improper nutrition, obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, atherosclerosis, and the lack of exercise. While heart disease may be the one that most often kills an individual it could just as easily be cancer or a stroke. The final cause of death really doesn’t matter because they are all capable of beating the system: our immune system, cell damage caused by the free-radicals, on and on the list goes. The good news is that you can fight back.

The American Heart Association’s plan on reducing and/or preventing heart disease and all of the closely related diseases could probably be summed up by saying eat healthier (including nutrient rich foods, fruits and vegetables), get more exercise, limit how much saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol you eat, avoid tobacco, reduce the number of beverages and foods with refined sugars, lean meats and poultry without skin, and have fish a couple of times per week.

Easy enough right?

One of the biggest challenges that we face on a day to day basis is getting the basic nutrients into our bodies to optimize our systems. Those base nutrients come in the form of vitamins and minerals. Many of you reading this probably take some form of a multivitamin and that is a great start. Did you know that many of the vitamins our bodies require to function and an optimal level are water soluble and only stay in our bodies for a matter of hours before they need to be replaced? One of these water soluble vitamins happens to be B vitamin, which happens to be a very critical part of our fight against heart disease. For many Americans getting the proper amounts of B vitamin into their bodies is a challenge because if the processing of the foods that they are consuming did not remove all or most of the vitamin B the cooking probably took care of the little that was remaining.

Folate is a B-vitamin found in citrus fruits; tomatoes; dark leafy green vegetables such as spinach and romaine lettuce; pinto, navy, and kidney beans; and grain products. Since January 1998, wheat flour has been fortified with folic acid, the synthetic form of folate, to add an estimated 100 mcg per day to the average diet. However, researchers have found that that people who consumed at least 300 micrograms (mcg) of folate per day had a 20 percent lower risk of stroke and a 13 percent lower risk of cardiovascular disease than those consuming less than 136 mcg of folate per day.

As you can see from the list above one of the best sources of B-vitamin is dark green leafy vegetables – the very thing that you never wanted to eat as a child and your mom insisted that you eat. Fortunately there are some healthy sources of B-vitamins that will ensure that you are not only taking, but absorbing the nutrients needed to fight against this short coming in our diets. One such source is the MetaGreens supplement from Univera LifeSciences.

While many of you may have heard of free radicals and know that one of the ways to avoid the damaging effects of free radicals in our bodies is to ensure that we taken in ample antioxidants. What you may not have heard is that free radicals damage the lining of your arteries which ultimately leads to the build up of plaque and eventually causing a blockage in the artery. If that artery leads to your brain you suffer a stroke. It is estimated that most Americans get approximately 1800 ORAC daily. Unfortunately, many experts are estimating that we should be getting in excess of 3500 ORAC daily to combat the effects of free radical damage on our bodies. A fantastic source of antioxidants is the Univera LifeSciences AgelessXtra. Not only does it have one of the highest (if not the highest) ORAC ratings of all supplements available it is a great source of vitamins B3 and B6. Additionally AgelessXtra provides a host of other nutrients engineered to help keep you aging healthier.

Some additional vitamins, minerals and nutrients that you should be watching are:

Vitamin E which strengthens the immune system and heart muscle improves circulation, reduces risk of clots (preventing thrombosis: blot clot blocking a blood vessel), destroys free radicals.

Vitamin C is important in treating cardiovascular disease.

Vitamins B6, B12, and Folic Acid deficiency have been linked to heart disease, particularly blocked arteries.
Alpha Lipoic Acid reduces risks of heart attack, lowers LDL cholesterol.

Beta Carotene reduces risks of heart attack and stroke.

CoQ10 promotes heart function, reduces risk of heart failure, reduces high blood pressure, speeds recovery from bypass surgery, reduces risk of heart attack, and prevents recurrences of heart attack.

Chromium Picolinate fights atherosclerosis, lowers triglycerides, and improves blood cholesterol profile.

Magnesium contributes to proper functioning of heart muscle, keeps heartbeats normal, reduces angina.

DHEA prevents unwanted blood clots, controls insulin, destroys free radicals, and helps reduce body fat.

L-Carnitine reduces fat and triglycerides in the blood, increases oxygen uptake and stress tolerance.

Human Growth Hormone (HGH) plays a potentially significant role in strengthening heart muscle, reducing atherosclerosis, and fighting obesity. Effective HGH releasers include Arginine, Arginine/Ornithine, L-Arginine, L-Glutamine, L-Lysine, L-Ornithine, Niacinamide, GABA, and OKG.

Below is some important information from the American Heart Association

Extensive clinical and statistical studies have identified “major” risk factors and “contributing” risk factors that lead to coronary heart disease (heart attack) and stroke. The risk factors are:

Heredity – offspring of parents and grandparents with cardiovascular disease are more likely to have heart attacks and strokes.

Men — men are more likely than women to have heart attacks and have heart attacks at younger ages.

Increasing Age — 4 out of 5 people who die of heart attack are over 65 years of age.

Physical Inactivity — regular aerobic exercise plays a significant role in preventing heart and blood vessel disease. Even modest levels of low-intensity exercise are beneficial if done regularly over the long term. Exercise also helps prevent increased blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, etc.

Cigarette / Tobacco Smoke — smokers have more than twice the risk of heart attack as nonsmokers, and the risk of sudden cardiac death is between two and four times the risk faced by nonsmokers.

High Blood Cholesterol Levels — higher LDL (”bad”) cholesterol correlates with increased risk of heart disease.

High Blood Pressure — the extra burden on the heart causes the heart to enlarge and weaken.

Obesity — the extra weight causes a strain on the heart; obesity leads to diabetes, high blood pressure, etc.

Diabetes Mellitus — 80 percent of people with diabetes die of some form of heart or blood vessel disease.

Stress — a potentially significant risk factor, particular in conjunction with one or more other risk factors.

In summery, please keep in mind when you fight cardiovascular disease by taking pro-active approach through a healthy lifestyle, simultaneously you will achieve reduced risk of all types of diseases and as such you are far more likely to live longer more fulfilling life.


1) American Heart Association (2004), International Cardiovascular Disease Statistics fact sheet

2) American Heart Association (2004), Heart and stroke facts

3) American Heart Association (2005), Homocysteine, Folic Acid and Cardiovascular Disease

4) Stephen Cherniske, M.S., The Metabolic Plan, The Random House Publishing Company, 2003, Pages: 59-61, 64-68, 271-272, 275-276, ISBN: 0-345-44102-8

5) American Heart Association website

About the Author: Glenn has combined his passion for health and fitness with a great business model that allows him opportunities that would have otherwise not been possible. For more information visit: or

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Seven Good Reasons to Get on Your Bike.

Seven Good Reasons to Get on Your Bike.

Submitted by: Maxwell Starritt

Like many people I lead a hectic lifestyle and don’t have much free time to go to the health club to boost my health and fitness. I’ve always enjoyed cycling outdoors and I fully grasp the health and fitness benefits I could achieve from cycling but poor weather conditions, heavy traffic and traffic fumes generally put me off. A better decision I imagined would be to look into a piece of equipment I could use in the home and believed a stationary exercise bike to be a great investment. After investing much time and effort taking a look at the best alternatives around and what would be probably the most suitable bike for me, I chose a somewhat fancy Proform product costing £300. After six months it ended up being a rather fancy, high priced clothes horse.

What is it that keeps us motivated to maintain a health and fitness regime? I glanced around at my clothes bike right after watching a news item on the recent Tour de France and decided I needed to revisit the motive why I chose to invest so much hard cash on the bike and to get me back on it. This is what I came up with:

1)Drop weight: somebody who weighs 12½ stone can burn 650 calories by cycling for one hour, and can tone the legs and bottom in the process.

2)Improve heart and cardiovascular system: any cardio vascular exercise such as cycling will improve the role of the heart. Cycling is excellent as it can train the heart to be stronger which results in significantly less strain on the heart. The risk elements that result in a heart attack can be decreased by frequent cycling so you are 50% less prone to have a heart attack.

3)Strengthen muscles and joints: as we get older the strength of our muscles reduces and our muscles start to shrink. Cycling activates each of the body’s muscle groups, and because the muscles hold together the skeletal system, strengthening the muscles supports and protects the skeleton. Cycling could also avert slipped discs by stimulating the muscles in the lower back and being a non weight bearing exercise, cycling isn't going to impact and damage the joints in the hips and knees.

4)Improve the immune system: cycling will help strengthen the immune system and contributes to a healthy and balanced life. Moderate activity such as cycling can enhance immune response to tumour cells and prevent other ailments.

5)Mental health: cycling has a relaxing effect because of its uniform and cyclical motion. Stabilising the physical and psychological activities of the body by cycling can serve to eliminate anxiety, depression and mental stress.

6)Looking good: Cycling improves body shape, but it also improves the condition of the skin because the improvement in metabolism and circulation will help carry nutrients to the skin and carry away impurities. Cycling also helps boost your notion of yourself which influences how individuals see you.

7)Reduce blood pressure: cycling can help to reduce your blood pressure which in turn may help to prevent a stroke as well as other conditions.

So, as well as improving physical fitness and stamina, cycling incorporates a wealth of other wellbeing benefits. Naturally there's nothing like the open road, but a stationary exercise bike can be used any time of day and in any weather, without having the concern of inhaling traffic fumes. You are able to ride safely whilst listening to tunes or watching your favourite TV programmes, and never have to be concerned about getting knocked off. It’s time to get back again on the bike, and establish some physical exercise into my daily regimen.

About the Author: Fitness, exercise, bodybuilding and strength training advisor for a number of years Max Starritt has helped many people to achieve their goals

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Developing Type 2 Diabetes At An Early Age May Mean A Lifetime Of Sickness And Early Death



Young people whom are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes may be in for a lifetime of health problems and possibly an early death, new research suggests. According to the results of a study published in Diabetes Care, early onset diabetes mellitus poses increases risk for a host of ailments that contribute to early mortality. This finding may jar some people into a sense of alarm about the seriousness of this life-threatening metabolic disorder.

The unsettling news comes as the result of extensive research into the health risks posed by type 2 diabetes. Australian and Saudi Arabian researchers sought to compare the prevalence of type 2 diabetic complications in people 354 diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (TDM) between the ages of 15 to 30 years to 1,062 people whom were diagnosed between the ages of 40 to 50 years. The study also looked at standard mortality ratios based on diabetes age of onset in 15,238 patients covering a wider age-of-onset range.

The younger diabetics suffered from more ailments than older patients. Compared to older diabetics, patients aged 15  30 years suffered neuropathy and severe albuminuria. The seriousness of these problems can not be stressed enough.

Neuropathy is common to diabetics; it's estimated that 132 million people across the globe are affected by the disorder which is believed to stem from damage to blood vessels that provide nutrients to nerve tissues.

Albuminuria is a condition wherein high amounts of protein are excreted in the urine. This condition is dangerous because it is indicative of kidney disease. Unfortunately, kidney disease is not uncommon to diabetics whom are genetically predisposed or have difficulty keeping their blood pressure and blood sugar under control.

Younger type 2 diabetes patients and older type 2 diabetes patients suffered from metabolic syndrome. This disorder is characterized by obesity, high cholesterol, high triglycerides, high blood sugar and high blood pressure, but surprisingly, the Australian research team noted that younger patients were less frequently treated for high blood pressure and dislipidemia. I find it surprising because dislipidemia - high amounts of fat in the bloodstream - is common to metabolic syndrome as is hypertension.

But most alarming is the fact that type 2 diabetics  15 to 30 years of age were more likely to die than any other type 2 diabetic across any chronological age.

This isn't altogether surprising, however.

Several years ago the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published findings on the prevalence of type 2 diabetes among American adolescents. Using National Health and Nutrition Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), Dr. Ashleigh May and her colleagues noted a relationship between obesity and cardiovascular disease such that young people whom were obese tended to be at greater risk for heart disease. It was no coincidence that diabetes prevalence among young people increased from 9% to 23% during the 1999 - 2008 study period.

The results from the Australian study supports those of the American study in that young people with type 2 diabetes are at greater risk of dying at an early age.

After looking at the results, lead study investigator Maria I. Constantino and her colleagues concluded that "The negative effect of diabetes on morbidity and mortality is greatest for those diagnosed at a young age compared with T2DM of usual onset. These results highlight the growing imperative to direct attention toward young-onset T2DM and for effective interventions to be applied before middle age."

Type 2 diabetes is often brought about by poor eating habits and lack of exercise. In other words, if people adopt healthy lifestyles at an early age, they'll be less likely to develop diabetes which in turn, may reduce their chances of dying from complications associated with the disorder. But will they do it?


But even if you should suffer for what is right, you are blessed. "Do not fear what they fear ; do not be frightened." 1 Peter 3:14

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Article References

Al-Saeed AH, Constantino MI, Molyneaux L, D'Souza M, Limacher-Gisler F, Luo C, Wu T, Twigg SM, Yue DK, & Wong J (2016). An Inverse Relationship Between Age of Type 2 Diabetes Onset and Complication Risk and Mortality: The Impact of Youth-Onset Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes care PMID: 27006511

American Teens Are At Risk For Cardiovascular Disease

Diet Or Exercise? Which Is More Effective In Treating Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome?

Vicious Cycle: Is Metabolic Syndrome Interfering With Your Ability To Exercise?


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