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January 2012

Prevent Campylobacter From Camping Out In You

by

Joseph

It's estimated that each year, foodborne disease account for more than 9 million illnesses in the United States.

In the latest installment of our foodborne illness series, we're going to look at Campylobacter, a species of bug that is notorious for causing diarrhea related food poisoning.

In this article, you're going to learn what these bugs are, where they come from, what they do, and how to protect yourself from them.

Are Campylobacter Bacteria?

Campylobacter 200px-Campylobacter - WIKIPEDIA
(The image Campylobacter bacteria from the USDA Agricultural Research Service via wikipedia)

Yes. In fact Campylobacter is the name given to an entire genus of closely related germs. Fast moving and spiral shaped, Campylobacter species live within moist, airless environments. The intestines of birds, human beings and other mammals make suitable homes for them.

How Do Campylobacter Make You Sick?

When Campylobacter get into the intestines of infected people and animals, they produce a poisonous substance that is harmful to surrounding cells. After the cells become sick from the poisons, the Campylobacter invade the weakened cells and parasitize them. These bacteria are believed to cause 2.4 million cases of gastorintestinal disease each year.


According to health experts, infants and young adults are more likely to become infected by the disease than any other group. The bacteria cause their victims to develop diarrhea or bloody diarrhea which can last for about one week. Even though the illness isn't usually fatal, every year 124 people are killed by these bacteria, government health experts say.

The good news is that Campylobacter are obligate anaerobes meaning that they absolutely can't stand oxygen. In other words, if these bacteria are exposed to air, they'll die.

How Does Food Become Contaminated With Campylobacter ?

The species that is most likely to infect humans is Campylobacter jejuni. This species lives within the guts of birds and other animals. When poultry are killed and their intestines exposed, it can provide an opportunity for the bacteria to migrate to other parts of the body i.e. muscle tissue which might be consumed by humans.

The bacteria can be transferred via fecal matter or drinking infected milk or water. For example, if a person is preparing meat or other food products on unclean cutting boards, they're exposing themselves to Campylobacter. Or if people drink milk from cattle that maybe infected with Campylobacter, there's a good chance that these germs will be transferred to their body, too.

How Do We Prevent Campylobacteria Infection?

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Safe cooking practices and good hygiene are very effective in stopping these bacteria in their tracks. In fact, health experts offer these suggestions that can significantly reduce your chances of Campylobacter infection.

  1. Thoroughly cook poultry meats at a temperature of at least 165 degrees Fahrenheit.
  2. Thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water before handling raw meats.
  3. Use separate cutting boards for raw meats and other foods.
  4. Clean all counter tops and cooking utensils with hot soapy water after using them to prepare raw meats.
  5. Avoid drinking unpasteurized milk.
  6. Avoid drinking untreated water.
  7. Wash your hands with soap and water after handling animal feces - that includes pets.
  8. Make sure that every meat that you consume is thoroughly cooked regardless of who serves it to you.


Practice good hygiene to prevent Campylobacter from camping out in you.

Although Campylobacter isn't so bad as far as foodborne pathogens go, we should never underestimate them. When we take good care of ourselves, we make it harder for the germs to take care of us.

 

58 Therefore, my dear brothers, stand firm. Let nothing move you. Always give yourselves fully to the work of the Lord, because you know that your labor in the Lord is not in vain. 1 Corinthians 15:58

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Article Sources

CDC - Campylobacter, General Information - NCZVED http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/campylobacter/#what

CDC Data & Statistics http://www.cdc.gov/Features/dsFoodborneEstimates/

Campylobacter. wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campylobacter

Moore, J.E., Corcoran, D., Dooley, J.S.G., Fanning, S., Lucey, B., Matsuda, M. McDowell, D.A. et al. Campylobacter 36(3) DOI: 10.1051/vetres:2005012


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Train Your Brain To Ward Off Alzheimer's Disease

Mental Exercise May Stave Off Alzheimers Disease

by

Joseph

People who exercise their brains in early and mid-life maybe able to stave off Alzheimers disease, new research suggests. According to research recently published in the January 2012 issue of the Archives of Neurology, people with healthier brains produce less amyloid beta, the protein commonly associated with Alzheimer's disease.

Scientists from the University of California and Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, Illinois wanted to find out whether physical activities and mental exercise would be associated with the brain's deposition of beta -amyloid protein in healthy older adults. To get their answer they recruited 65 healthy people (mean age 76.1 years), 10 Alzheimer's disease patients (mean age and 74.8 years) and 11 healthy young adults (mean age 24.5 years) whom they studied in Berkely, California from late 2005 to early 2011.

The research team looked for plaque buildup in key areas of the brains of the volunteers. The volunteers were also given retrospective self-reporting scales which measured cognitive abilities (reading, writing, playing games) and physical activity. With this information they were able to come to a very interesting conclusion.

 

 

Mental and Physical Exercise Improves Cognition and Staves Off Alzheimers Disease

The scientific investigators soon found that volunteers who participated in mentally challenging activities produced less beta-amyloid plaque than subjects who didn't engage in these activities. Although the results were most profound in young and midlife volunteers, subjects across all age groups were able to reap the cognitive benefits of mentally challenging activities.

Physical exercise was associated with enhanced cognitive abilities but had no effect on beta-amyloid build up.

The results showed that people who use their minds throughout life are less likely to develop the harmful plaque buildup which leads to mental decline.

In fact the research authors concluded that "...lifestyle factors found in individuals with high cognitive engagement may prevent or slow deposition of beta-amyloid, perhaps influencing the onset and progression of AD."

What's the take home message? Start when you're young! Get on top of education and never stop learning, your brain will thank you for it.

For more information on Alzheimers disease visit NIHSenior Health: Alzheimer's Disease

 

God loves us. Do we love Him?

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Article Source

Landau, S. Marks, S., Mormino E., Rabinovici, G., Oh, H., O'Neil, J., Wilson, R. & Jagust, W. (2012). Association of Lifetime Cognitive Engagement and Low -Amyloid Deposition. Archives of Neurology DOI:10.1001/archneurol.2011.2748

 

 

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Ways to Set Weight Loss Goals

Ways to Set Weight Loss Goals
By SANDRA ESSEX

Before setting out on a journey, you must have a clear idea of
where it is you are going, right? It’s no different when it
comes to losing weight. You must set a weight loss goal to
ensure you’re heading in the right direction. 

This will also help to measure your progress and to adjust your
tactics. 
Whether you’re losing weight for fundamental health reasons or
simply to look your best, your weight loss goal still needs to
follow the standards of goal-setting, namely, your goal must be
SMART—Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic, and Tangible.

Your first task is to determine why exactly you need to lose
weight, and how much weight you want to shed. In other words, do
you really need to lose weight? Most persons would answer yes to
that question, even those you’d think posses optimum body
weight. You sure have a right to decide how you want to look. 

But generally speaking, people who’re truly in need of weight
loss must fall within the following broad parameters: BMI must
be more than 25 Waist-Hip Ratio must be higher than 1.0 for
males or higher than 0.8 for females. Abdominal Girth
measurement must exceed 40 inches for men or 35 inches for
women.  

These are general rules, for sure. You may have other more
personal reasons for wanting to drop some pounds. But before
setting a weight loss goal based on reasons outside the ones
given here, ensure you see your doctor for proper advice.

But having determined that you DO NEED to lose weight, then
move to the next stage. Set a measurable and reasonable goal for
yourself. For most persons, the general recommendations set out
by the American College of Sports Medicine would work just fine:
aim at losing 5-10% of your body weight or one to two pounds per
week. 

Another way to go about it is to set a target that helps you
create continuous calorie deficit over time, and see how your
body responds to that. The focus in this method is sustaining
everyday health habits that help you reduce calories and lose
weight. This is best achieved with a combination of diet and
exercise.  

Whichever plan you elect to follow, you must measure your
achievements or results. This helps you keep track of your
progress—or the lack of it. To increase the chances of attaining
your weight loss goal, you must also be specific about how many
pounds you need to lose each week, each month or per year. This
will depend on your current weight and desired body weight, of
course.

Your goal must be realistic, otherwise it won’t be attainable.
If you set a goal that your current schedule, stamina, health
status or a combination of other factors would not allow, you’d
be setting yourself up for failure. Of course, being realistic
doesn’t mean you can more or less do next to nothing. 

Remember that one of the ingredients of a good goal is that it
must be TANGIBLE. The way to go about it is to set reasonable,
attainable goals and gradually scale things up. For example, you
could start by replacing your high-calorie breakfast meal with
something healthier. 

Goals are also easier to attain when you break things down into
smaller, specific units that are easier to focus on. It’s also
okay to adjust or even change your goals to make them easier to
attain, such as by increasing the length of time required to
lose specific weights. The most important thing is to stick to
your weight loss goals until they’re attained.

About the Author: Sandra Essex is a 16 –year Breast and Lung
cancer survivor. She enjoys sharing information that can help
people improve their health. One GREAT way to improve your
health is to improve your diet. Learn how you can START to
Improve Your Health TODAY!! http://weightlossanddiettips.info/
also visit our Blog for more weight loss tips
http://thehealthdiva.com/weight-loss-challenge/4-ways-quick-to-shed-those-unwanted-pounds

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Health Benefits of Juicing That'll Change Your Life

Health Benefits of Juicing That'll Change Your Life
By David Cheum

In today's fast-paced lifestyle, most people are too busy to
prepare wholesome, nutritious meals. As a result, their bodies
are badly lacking in vital nutrients for good health. A great
solution can be found in the health benefits of juicing.

A year after I started to drink fresh juices regularly, I met a
distant relative. And what she said was a pleasant surprise:
"You look good! When I saw you last year, your complexion was
dull. Now, it is glowing with health."

I didn't know I had an unhealthy-looking complexion in the
first place. But I'm glad it's no longer so. I believe it was
because of the benefits of juicing.

Here are some marvelous health benefits of juicing:

1. Juice Is Living Food

Cooking destroys most of the nutrients and enzymes in
vegetables and fruits. But not everyone enjoys raw vegetables.
Therefore, drinking fresh vegetables and fruits juices is an
excellent way to get living food for your body.

2. Easy Digestion And Assimilation Of Nutrients

Solid foods take 2 to 3 hours to digest before the nutrients
can be made available. Juices, on the other hand, need just 15
minutes to be assimilated to feed your cells and tissues.

Dr. Lynn Tan (N.D.), a renowned Natural Health expert, notes
two other great health benefits of juicing...

3. For Cleansing And Repairing Of Your Liver, Kidneys,
Intestinal Tracts And Other Vital Organs

There are many health benefits of juicing carrots. Carrot has
the richest source of beta-carotene. It is an effective
antioxidant to protect your body from free radical damage and
premature aging.

Carrot juice causes your liver to release bile, and excessive
accumulated cholesterol and toxins. Cleansing of the liver may
cause the effect of a slight yellowish color on your skin due to
the large amount of waste matter being released. This
discoloration is harmless.

Carrot juice also has an alkalizing effect on your blood. It
soothes the entire nervous system while toning your intestinal
walls.

4. For Toning Your Blood

Blood is the life stream of your body, affecting every cell and
system you possess. For the complex working of the body, your
blood needs a constant source of nutrients.

Millions of people suffer from a lack of iron (anaemia) without
knowing it. If you still feel tired despite having enough sleep,
you may have a form of anaemia.

Anaemia saps your energy by depriving your cells of oxygen.
This happens when your blood has too few red blood cells or too
little haemoglobin to transport oxygen through the bloodstream.

The health benefits of juicing green leafy vegetables is
tremendous in fighting anaemia. This is because it is extremely
rich in iron and other minerals. And it is very high in
chlorophyll.

Chlorophyll is a substance found EXCLUSIVELY in plants. It has
a structure similar to human haemoglobin.

During the 1940s, researchers found that consuming chlorophyll
enhances the body's ability to produce haemoglobin. Thus,
improving the efficiency of oxygen transport.

The above are just a few of the awesome health benefits of
juicing. So start drinking fresh fruits and vegetables juices
today for good health!

About the Author: David Cheum is the founder of Natural Health
Superstar, where you discover Simple Steps To Nourish Your
Health To Enjoy Life. Pick his FREE ebook today, "You Can Regain
Youth & Health Through Detoxification & Rejuvenation" at
http://naturalhealthsuperstar.com

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Top Stories This Week

by

healthy_blogging

 

Diabetes Meds Promote Weight Loss - New research shows that certain diabetes drugs are also good for weight loss.

How To Protect Yourself From Creepy Clostridium - Learn how to protect yourself and your family from this creepy bug.

Serve Up The Coffee! Coffee Thwarts Type 2 Diabetes - Find out what scientists have discovered about why coffee is good for diabetics.

Elderly People With High Blood Pressure Benefit From Treatment - Read this story if you know of anyone who is a senior citizen.

When Someone Tells You That You Can't Do Something - Thoughts about life.

 

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When Someone Tells You That You Can't Do Something

by

Joseph                                                                     

What do you do when someone tells you that you can't do something? Do you change direction or do it anyway? There are times when the person telling you not to do something is actually looking out for your best interest.

For example, when you're about to stick your hand into a hot flame, but someone warns you not to do it. The person warning you not to put your hand into the flame knows that fire can be dangerous and doesn't want you to get hurt.

If you choose to go ahead and stick your hand into the flame, you're doing so at your own risk. There's a pretty good chance that you'll get burned.

But what about a person who tells you that you can't become a world reknowned physicist or an artic explorer? If you're told to abandon your aspirations because the obstacles are too great and that you should settle for a mediocre existence pushing a mop or playing video games instead of studying cartography, meteorology or particle physics, would you do it?

In the first example the person who is warning you against danger is likely coming from personal experience or at the very least extrapolating related facts. The person warning you not to go forward in the second example is fueled by fear and resentment of being left behind.

The actions and choices we make today will affect us long beyond tomorrow.

When someone tells you that you can't do something, what do you do?

 

No work is ever in vain when it is done in the service of God.

Giving you something to think about at the start of the day, Living Fit, Healthy and Happy(SM) provides health and wellness news to you and your family.

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Elderly People With High Blood Pressure Benefit From Treatment

by

Joseph

Elderly people with blood pressure benefit from anti-hypertension treatment, a new study shows. The results, published in BMJ, underscore the need for continuing medical care for the aging population.

Medical researchers designed an experiment to ascertain the immediate and long-term benefits of anti-hypertension medications for the elderly. They recruited 1712 elderly high blood pressure patients from Europe, Asia and Northern Africa who had been participating in the Hypertension in the Very Elderly Trial (HYVET).

Volunteers for the extension were drawn from two groups- those whom had been receiving high blood pressure medications throughout the HYVET, and group which had originally been prescribed placebos. During the year-long extension of the trial, all 1712 volunteers were given blood pressure lowering medications.  

Six months into the extension, there was only a minimal difference between the participants' blood pressure readings. Even better, further comparisons between the two groups showed no significant differences for stroke or heart-related events. Researchers also noted reductions in total mortality and cardiovascular mortality.

By the end of the trial, researchers concluded that early high blood pressure treatment is good for the elderly. "Sustained differences in  reduction of total mortality and cardiovascular mortality reinforce the benefits and support the need for early and long term treatment" the research team went on to say in their report.

 

Why Is The HYVET Study So Important To Americans?

We're living in a rapidly aging society. According to the Department of Health and Human Services, there are 39.6 million Americans over the age of 65. Right now, that's nearly 13% of the population, but by 2030 19% of the population - that's 72.1 million people - will be age 65 and older.

As people become older, their health often declines. Unfortuntately many of the elderly don't receive adequate medical care either due to expenses, neglect or lack of education. Therefore it's absolutely imperative that we as health media providers, spread the word about the benefits of medical intervention to members of that demographic.

We're asking you to do your part, too. If you know of anyone who would benefit from the information in this article, please tell them about it. We'll give you details how you can do that in a moment.

In the meantime for additional high blood pressure resources visit these websites:

NIHSeniorHealth: High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure|National Institute on Aging

 

But even if you should suffer for what is right, you are blessed. "Do not fear what they fear ; do not be frightened." 1 Peter 3:14

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Article Source

Beckett, N., Peters, R., Tuomilehto, J., Swift, C., Sever, P., Potter, J., McCormack, T., Forette, F., Gil-Extremera, B., Dumitrascu, D., Staessen, J., Thijs, L., Fletcher, A., Bulpitt, C., & , . (2012). Immediate and late benefits of treating very elderly people with hypertension: results from active treatment extension to Hypertension in the Very Elderly randomised controlled trial BMJ, 344 (jan04 2) DOI: 10.1136/bmj.d7541

Administration on Aging. Aging Statistics.  http://www.aoa.gov/AoARoot/Aging_Statistics/index.aspx

 

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Serve Up The Coffee! Coffee Thwarts Type 2 Diabetes

A Steaming Cup of Coffee on Coffee Beans
A Steaming Cup of...
Peter Sapper
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by

Joseph

People who enjoy coffee may have another reason to serve up their cup of joe. According to research published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, scientists have pinpointed the active ingredients in coffee that offset type II diabetes.

Chinese researchers made a remarkable discovery. They knew that defective proteins known as human islet amyloid polypeptides which are secreted by the pancreas are associated with type II diabetes. They also knew that caffeine reverses the effects of diabetes. But what precisely is it about coffee that brings about the anti-diabetic benefits?

The scientists rigorously examined the effect that caffeine, caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid as well as a major metabolite of caffeic and chlorogenic acid would have on the misfolded proteins which contribute to diabetes.

Their analysis revealed that each of all three components possessed the ability to inhibit formation of the defective proteins although not to the same degree. In fact it was discovered that caffeic acid was most able to hinder amyloid formation whereas caffeine was least effective against them.

As far as type II diabetes is concerned, each of coffee's components were able to interfere with the structure of human islet amyloid polypeptide. When this protein's structure is disrupted it can no longer maintain its stability, and thus won't be able to accumulate in the body. 

For people seeking an all natural product that can cut the risk of type 2 diabetes, a hot cup of coffee could be just what you're looking for.

 

13 You, my brothers, were called to be free. But do not use your freedom to indulge the sinful nature; rather, serve one another in love. 14 The entire law is summed up in a single command: "Love your neighbor as yourself." Galatians 5:13-14

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Article Source

 Cheng, B., Liu, X., Gong, H., Huang, L., Chen, H., Zhang, X., Li, C., Yang, M., Ma, B., Jiao, L., Zheng, L., & Huang, K. (2011). Coffee Components Inhibit Amyloid Formation of Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide in Vitro: Possible Link between Coffee Consumption and Diabetes Mellitus Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59 (24), 13147-13155 DOI: 10.1021/jf201702h

 

"Serve Up The Coffee! Coffee Thwarts Type 2 Diabetes" copyright © 2012 Living Fit, Healthy and Happy(SM). All Rights Reserved.

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How To Protect Yourself From Creepy Clostridium

by

Joseph

 

Ah. Feast your eyes on that succulent beef steak! Look at how easily the knife slices through the tender meat. So moist and juicy and just waiting to be eaten. Looks good, huh? But don't take too long serving it up, because if you do, Creepy Clostridium might just hitch a ride to give you a meal that you definitely won't forget!

 

"Creepy Clostridium", is how I refer to Clostridium perfringens, the bane of kitchens and eateries around the globe. The bug which, according to US government statistics, single-handedly causes approximately one million cases of foodborne sickness each year. This is one guest that you surely don't want to invite into your home. Fortunately, there are ways to protect yourself from this troublesome intruder, and you're going to learn about them in this installment of the Foodborne Illness series. 

 

What Is Clostridium Perfringens And Where Does It Come From?

CLOSTRIDIUM 240px-Clostridium_perfringens - WIKIPEDIA
(The image "Photomicrograph of gram-positive Clostridium perfringens bacilli" by US CDC uploaded to wikipedia)

Clostridium perfringens is the scientific name given to a ubiquitous bacteria that is found throughout nature. Because they're so adaptive, it's not uncommon to find them on decaying plant matter, human and animal intestines, soil and even the bottom of the ocean. 

Food sources of Clostridium perfringens include raw meats, poultry, gravies and precooked foods, which means that one way to keep it out of the human body is to thoroughly cook these foods before you eat them.

 

Is Clostridium Dangerous?

One thing that makes Clostridium perfringens so creepy is that it could be lingering on perfectly normal looking food. Anyone can get sick from this bacteria. Humans usually become infected after they eat foods contaminated with the bacteria. This commonly happens in hospitals, school cafeterias, nursing homes, catered events, or anyplace where large quanties of food are prepared and served.

 

What Are The Symptoms of Clostridium Food Poisoning? 

Clostridium perfringens causes gastroenteritis, and sympoms can set in 8 - 22 hours after eating contaminated food. The most common Clostridium food poisoning symptoms include severe abdominal cramps, diarrhea, passing gas and, in some severe cases, dehydration. Although most people suffer through a day of discomfort, very young children and the elderly have the hardest time with Clostridium perfringens, which can cause them to remain sick for up to one week after infection.

 

Are There Clostridium Food Poisoning Prevention Tips?

Fortunately, Clostridium perfringens infections are preventable. Since most illnesses come from eating unclean food, the best prevention is proper cooking. Health experts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provide these useful tips to prevent Clostridium perfringens from contaminating the food that you eat:

  1. Thoroughly cook beef, poultry and gravies to their recommended temperatures.
  2. Once these foods are cooked, maintain them at temperatures either higher than 140 degrees Fahrenheit or cooler than 41 degrees Fahrenheit.
  3. Serve hot meat dishes right after they've finished cooking.
  4. Store leftovers in the refrigerator at a temperature of 40 degrees Fahrenheit or lower.
  5. If the food isn't eaten within two hours of preparation, put it in the refrigerator.
  6. Divide large quantities of food into smaller portions for easier refrigeration.
  7. Reheat leftovers to at least 165 degrees Fahrenheit before reserving them.

 

Protect yourself from Creepy Clostridium by keeping hot foods hot and cool foods cool.

POT ROAST 267px-Potroast WIKIPEDIA

(The image "Yankee style" pot roast with root vegetables by FiveRings uploaded to wikipedia)

When you stop to think about it, humans and Clostridium have co-existed for millions of years. The only time this bacteria really becomes dangerous is when we either carelessly or unwittingly allow them into our bodies. And now that we're armed with important facts and prevention tips, "Creepy Clostridium" isn't so creepy afterall.

We'll see you here next week for the next installment of the Foodborne Illness series.

 

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Article Sources

CDC Features - Tips To Prevent Illness From Clostridium Perfringens. http://www.cdc.gov/Features/ClostridiumPerfringens/

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. BBB - Clostridium perfringens. http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodSafety/FoodborneIllness/FoodborneIllnessFoodbornePathogensNaturalToxins/BadBugBook/ucm070483.htm

Preventing Foodborne Illness Associated With Clostridium perfringens. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences at the University of Florida.  http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fs101

 

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Diabetes Meds Promote Weight Loss

by

Joseph

Drugs that are designed to control type II diabetes can help obese diabetics lose weight, new research shows. In a groundbreaking new study recently published in the BMJ, scientists have discovered that glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1R) promotes weight loss in obese and overweight patients.

Danish endocrinologist Tina Vilsboll, from the University of Copenhagen and her colleagues, studied GLP-1R agonists (antidiabetic drugs) to learn of their effect on the weight of obese and overweight diabetic and nondiabetic patients. In essence they were curious to know if antidiabetic medicines could promote weight loss.

In order to find the answer they conducted an extensive analysis and review of 25 randomized controlled trials involving obese or overweight adults who received specific antidiabetic drugs (exenatide, liraglutide). Trial participants included diabetic and nondiabetics all of whom had a body mass index of 25 or greater.

 

Diabetes Medications Help Patients Lose Weight

Visboll's team learned that people who received GLP-1R agonists achieved significantly greater weight loss than people who did not take these antidiabetic medications. This effect was noted regardless of whether the participants were diabetic or nondiabetic but was greatest among people who did not have diabetes.

Even more remarkable, the researchers found that these medications had a positive effect on participants' blood pressure, cholesterol concentrations and glycemic control of patients with adult onset diabetes. 

But the team noted a few downsides as well. The GLP-1R agonists caused some participants to experience stomach problems i.e. feelings of nausea, diarrhea and vomiting. 

Still, the meta-analysis and data review provides evidence that certain medications which were designed for one function can yield other benefits, too.

 

Why Is This So Important?

GLP-1R agonists are used to treat type II diabetes mellitus. They specifically react with a hormone called glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1). This hormone is released from the small intestine immediately after you eat food. 

Scientists have studied this hormone and discovered that it has some remarkable effects on diabetes and weight loss. For example, it helps with glucose uptake, slows gastric emptying and food intake. 

GLP-1 slows digestion and suppresses appetite thereby promoting weight loss.

The GLP- 1 hormone needs to get into your cells to do its job. Therefore it must connect with a special lock called the glucagon like peptide -1 receptor or GLP-1R for short.

Pharmaceutical companies have begun manufacturing drugs that resemble the naturally occuring GLP-1 which they began selling to people with type II diabetes. These drugs are known as GLP-1 agonists because they perform the same function as natural GLP-1.

Well, since natural GLP-1 slows digestion and helps you feel fuller (and less likely to eat again until all the food is digested), it only makes sense that the agonists should have the same effect on the body.

Which brings us to why Villsboro's study is so important: GLP-1R agonists can help diabetic and nondiabetic overweight and obese people to lose weight. Even better, if overweight and obese people are able to achieve normal weight, it can drastically cut their chances of developing adult onset diabetes.

It's important to note, however, that although the potential benefits seem promising, Villsboro says that more research trials are needed to learn about its effects on cardiovascular disease.

 

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Article Sources 

Vilsboll, T., Christensen, M., Junker, A., Knop, F., & Gluud, L. (2012). Effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists on weight loss: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials BMJ, 344 (jan10 2) DOI: 10.1136/bmj.d7771 

Lim, G., & Brubaker, P. (2006). Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 Secretion by the L-Cell: The View From Within Diabetes, 55 (Supplement_2) DOI: 10.2337/db06-S020

 

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