Aerobic and resistance training exercises improve the health of type 2 diabetics, new research shows. This study underscores the value healthy lifestyle provides for diabetes control.
In a study reported in the Diabetes Care journal, a team of Italian scientists led by Elisabetta Bacchi from the University of Verona's Department of Medicine wanted to know how aerobic and resistance training exercises affected the outcomes of HbA1C and other metabolic risk factors in volunteers with adult-onset diabetes mellitus. To find out, they randomly assigned 40 type 2 diabetes patients to four months of resistance training or aerobic exercise regimens.
Prior to and following completion of the intervention, researchers collected data on HbA1C, glucose sensitivity, oral glucose tolerance test, body composition, cardiovascular fitness and muscular strength.
When the research team reviewed the effects of exercise post training, they noted that volunteers who participated in aerobic exercise experienced greater efficiency in peak oxygen consumption; not surprisingly, patients who performed resistance training gained muscular strength. Physical exercise had other benefits including:
- lowered glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C) in both groups
- decreases in body fat in both groups
- increased insulin sensitivity and lean limb mass
The experiment showed that physical exercise improved metabolic function, insulin sensitivity and loss of body fat (visceral and abdominal) in volunteers with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Indeed, as remarkable as Bacchi's experiment was, it merely supports what many people have come to know and appreciate about physical exercise: exercise makes you healthy. Some of the most common symptoms of type 2 diabetes are obesity and cardiovascular disease.
Aerobic and resistance training accelerate the metabolism leading to increased oxygen consumption, improved heart function, muscular growth and fat loss. Most people can improve their health performing one instead of the other, but an exercise program that combines both regimens will reap the greatest benefits.
So once again science demonstrates that it's important to get active. Not only is exercise good for people who already have type 2 diabetes, it can be a very effective diabetes prevention method, too.
How much time do you devote to exercise. How has it helped you? Tell us about it in the comments.
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Bacchi, E., Negri, C., Zanolin, M., Milanese, C., Faccioli, N., Trombetta, M., Zoppini, G., Cevese, A., Bonadonna, R., Schena, F., Bonora, E., Lanza, M., & Moghetti, P. (2012). Metabolic Effects of Aerobic Training and Resistance Training in Type 2 Diabetic Subjects: A randomized controlled trial (the RAED2 study) Diabetes Care DOI: 10.2337/dc11-1655
"Aerobics And Resistance Training Are Good For Diabetics" copyright © 2012 Living Fit, Healthy and Happy(SM). All Rights Reserved.