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February 2012

Most Women Who Suffer Heart Attacks Don't Feel Chest Pains

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Women have one more reason to be mindful of their hearts: according to new research, most women who are hospitalized for heart attack don't experience chest pains. The report, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, also states the majority of these patients tend to young at the time of hospitalization.

Dr. John Canto from the Watson Clinic and Lakeland Regional Medical Center in Florida and colleagues including researchers from the University of Massachusetts Medical Center and other institutions made the discovery during a study that examined the relationship between gender and heart attacks. 

They analyzed data from the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction obtaining information on 1,143,513 heart attack patients (481,581 women and 661,932 men) between 1994 - 2006. Using this data, Canto and his colleagues looked for heart attack predictors without chest pain and relationships between age, gender and hospital deaths.

The results of the study are quite alarming. Women comprised a significant proportion of heart attack patients who did not experience chest pain (42% women v 30.7% men). Moreover, younger women who didn't experience chest pain were more likely to die in the hospital due to a heart attack than young men who didn't have chest pain (14.6% vs. 10.3% respectively). 

These gender differences became less significant or even flipped as men and women aged.

Despite the fact that most people associate chest pain with heart attacks, there are other heart attack symptoms to pay attention to including:

  • shortness of breath
  • sharp upper body pain in the neck, jaw and back
  • cold sweats
  • unusual tiredness
  • sudden dizziness
  • light-headedness
  • vomiting
  • nausea

Regardless of gender or age, you have a responsibility to take care of your health. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has implemented the Million Hearts initiative to reduce the number of American heart attacks and strokes by one million over the next five years. You can help out by making a pledge to lead a healthy lifestyle.

Just click on Million Hearts banner located in our sidebar. The CDC asked Living Fit, Healthy and Happy to spread the word about their effort to improve the health and wellbeing of the people in our country. It's a good cause, so please get involved.


We didn't create ourselves, we were created by God.

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Article Sources

Canto, J., Rogers, W., Goldberg, R., Peterson, E., Wenger, N., Vaccarino, V., Kiefe, C., Frederick, P., Sopko, G., Zheng, Z., & , . (2012). Association of Age and Sex With Myocardial Infarction Symptom Presentation and In-Hospital Mortality JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 307 (8), 813-822 DOI: 10.1001/jama.2012.199

Heart Attack Information for Women -


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Fructose Won't Necessarily Cause You To Gain Weight

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Contrary to what what you may have heard, fructose doesn't appear to make you gain weight any more than other dietary sugars. In a report published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, scientists have determined that sugars with the same amount of calories will have the same effect on the body's ability to gain weight.

Canadian researchers arrived at this conclusion after they conducted an extensive meta-analysis using data from MEDLINE, EMBASE and other sources. Their goal was to review feeding trials to learn how fructose consumption affects body weight.

To find the answer, the team assigned members to review different trials related to fructose consumption and weight gain.

Scientists reviewed thirty-one trials (637 participants) that consisted of experiments which compared the effects of body weight caused by consumption of fructose to those vs. nonfructose sugars in diets of similar calories (isocaloric trials). 

The scientific team also looked at ten hypercaloric trials which consisted of 119 participants. In these cases, people either added extra fructose to the amount they consumed each day or made no changes whatsoever.

When the scientists analyzed at the isocaloric trials, they noted that fructose consumption "had no overall effect" on participants' weight gain. But people who consumed excessive amounts of fructose did gain weight (hypercaloric trials).

Basically what it boils down to is this: regardless of the type of sugar, if you eat the same amount of calories, your body won't be able to tell the difference - as far as weight is concerned.  

That doesn't mean that you should go out and eat foods laden with table sugar and wash it down with high fructose corn syrup sweetened beverages. Eating too much sugar could make you fat, spike your insulin levels and put you on the fast track to diabetes.

If anything, the meta-analysis conducted by the Canadian team shows that if you eat fructose in moderation, you should be okay.

Does this change your opinion about fructose? Tell us about it in the comments.

 It may not make sense to us, but it does to God.

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Article Source

Sievenpiper, J.L., deSouza, R.J., Mirrahimi, A., Yu, M.E., Carlton, A.J., Beyene, J., Chiavaroli, L., Di Buono, M. et al (2012). Effect of Fructose on Body Weight in Controlled Feeding Trails. A Systematic Meta-analysis Annals of Internal Medicine, 156 (4), 291-304


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Diet Soft Drinks Could Give You A Heart Attack



Although diet soft drinks may be low in calories, they definitely increase your heart disease risk. According to research published online in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, an extensive study has established a link between diet soft drinks and increased risk for heart attacks and strokes. The results of the study are of particular interest to people who consume diet soft drinks.

Scientists from Columbia University and the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine designed a cohort study to investigate the link between diet soft drinks and the risk factors for heart disease and stroke.

To find their answer, they recruited men and women who were already participating in a long running experiment named the Northern Manhattan Study (NOMAS). The objective of NOMAS was to determine stroke risk factors across different ethnic groups.

Researchers recruited 2564 of these volunteers to look for links between diet soft drinks and cardiovascular disease. They collected volunteers' baseline data from food frequency questionnaires then followed them for a ten year period.

During that time they counted 591 incidents of cardiovascular disease and stroke. In other words, people who drank diet soft drinks were 44 % more likely to have a heart attack or stroke than people who didn't consume such beverages.

The majority of the NOMAS participants who experienced heart attacks or strokes consumed diet soft drinks at least once per day.

These results held up even after controlling for diabetes, increased body mass index (BMI), metabolic syndrome, hypertension and other health problems.

Interestingly the research team wasn't able to establish a link between increased cardiovascular risk factors and regular soft drink or light diet soft drink consumption. 

The results of the cohort study suggest that diet soft drinks might not be a healthy beverage that many people believe them to be. Nonetheless, lead researcher Hanna Gardner said: "Further research is needed before any conclusions can be made regarding the potential health consequences of diet soft drink consumption."

The timing of Gardner's report just happens to coincide with American Heart Month. Right now, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in conjunction with other US government, state, and local agencies in conjunction with private organizations and companies has implemented the Million Hearts initiative.

The Million Hearts initiative aims to reduce the number of heart attacks and strokes by a total of 1 million over the next five years. The CDC asked Living Fit, Healthy and Happy to help them achieve this goal, so we've included a link to Million Hearts in our sidebar.

If you want to help improve the health and vitality of our nation, click on the link and take the pledge to lead a healthy lifestyle. By taking the pledge, you'll be doing a service not only to yourself and your loved ones, but your country as well.


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Article Source 

Gardener, H., Rundek, T., Markert, M., Wright, C., Elkind, M., & Sacco, R. (2012). Diet Soft Drink Consumption is Associated with an Increased Risk of Vascular Events in the Northern Manhattan Study Journal of General Internal Medicine DOI: 10.1007/s11606-011-1968-2


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Exercising at Home Saves Time and Can Save Money Too

Exercising at Home Saves Time and Can Save Money Too
By Stewart Wrighter

We all like to think that we are fit and able to move around
freely, but when we start any keep fit program, it is obvious
that we are not as fit as first thought.  Of course, it helps if
we have all kinds of machinery at home for workouts but they can
be a little expensive, particularly for the beginner.  Used
exercise equipment is the way to go for the novice since having
any form of used treadmill or used fitness equipment in the home
will encourage all the family to get up and use it as and when
they have time to spare.

It is always the way that in the beginning, even the new person
will want to throw themselves into a new routine with abandon.
But this can be a big mistake if injuries or overworked muscles
come into play.  It can be quite a painful time at the beginning
of any new routine and the term ‘slowly does it’ must apply
here.  Even adding a minute or two to the routine every few days
is enough to get the whole body used to the extra work that it
is doing and anyone who does this is more likely to stay with it
for longer.

When someone buys a refurbished or second-hand machine, not
only will they save some cash, they will also cut down on fad
buys too.  There are many machines on the market that promise
this or that but have little to do with making someone fitter
than there were before.  Some of these machines can actually
cause injury too so it is vital to get expert advice before
opting to buy anything at all.

Those who have tried the local gym can ask the instructors
there for some advice on which machines would be a good buy.
Indeed, the instructors will probably know which companies sell
good second-hand machines too since this is what they do every
day.  The brand is probably not that important for the novice
although the instructor will probably have a good idea of which
are the best quality machines and which will hold their value.

For men who want to build muscles, finding a good set of
weights is important.  However, what most men do is to just
concentrate on the upper body without giving a thought to their
lower extremes.  If they do this, they then tend to look
top-heavy and this surely is not the image that they were after.

It is best to go for an all round work-out which also has some
cardio involved too.  Surely looking great is not much use if
they cannot run ten yard without being out of breath?

Finally, it is often said that any routine is better than none
but this is not strictly true.  Any routine that does not take
care of the back, for example, will surely end up in some form
of therapy having to be done.  However, once the back is
injured, this can sometimes be permanent so care must be taken
for sure.

About the Author: For more information on used exercise
equipment go to .


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5 Reasons Why You Should Take Vitamin C

5 Reasons Why You Should Take Vitamin C
By Greg Garner

Vitamin C has several health benefits. Supplements are required
when the regular intake of the vitamin falls short of daily
requirements due to a deficiency in your diet. There may be some
debate about the dosage but there is no doubt about the wide
range of benefits it offers.

Here are some facts that may inspire you to incorporate more
foods that are rich in Vitamin C into your diet.

1. Vitamin C is essential for repairing body tissue and for
development and growth. Many body functions such as iron
absorption, collagen formation and boosting of the immune system
are enhanced by vitamin C. This vitamin also plays a vital role
in maintaining teeth, cartilage and bones and in healing wounds.

2. Vitamin C is one of the antioxidants that provides
protection against free radicals and toxic chemicals. These free
radicals are harmful molecules that build up, causing serious
ailments like heart disease, arthritis and cancer. Polluting
agents and smoking are factors that contribute to the
accumulation of free radicals.

3. Research has revealed that Vitamin C prevents serious
complications that may result from the common cold. When you are
affected by a flu or a cold, intake of Vitamin C in the
prescribed amount can prevent lung infections and pneumonia.

4. When the body’s immune system is weakened due to stress,
foods rich in Vitamin C may be helpful. Several studies have
revealed that Vitamin C is one of the prime nutrients that gets
depleted in smokers, alcoholics and obese people. Such people
should ensure that their levels of Vitamin C remain stable by
taking regular supplements, if necessary.

5. Vitamin C has been associated with glowing skin. This
vitamin affects both the exterior and interior cells of the
body. Regular intake of adequate Vitamin C lowers the risk of
skin dryness and wrinkles. It also reduces premature signs of
aging skin.

6. People with sufficient quantities of Vitamin C have a lower
risk of heart attack than those who are deficient. The reasons
are not completely understood, however, it may be attributed to
the dietary habits of individuals. Those who have high levels of
Vitamin C in their blood usually eat fresh vegetables and
fruits, and this may make them less susceptible to cardiac

7. With advancing age, some people develop acute macular
degeneration. This is a condition whereby your central visual
field is impaired due to damage to the retina. Some studies have
shown that patients suffering from this problem may improve
their condition by taking Vitamin C supplements.

After being exposed to all these interesting facts, you may be
feeling the urge to indulge in foods that are rich in Vitamin C
or in Vitamin C supplements. However, you may feel skeptical
about the side effects of overdose. Not to worry - Vitamin C is
not stored in the human body and there is no danger of overdose.
If you are getting the vitamin through food then there is no
issue at all. If you are taking it as a supplement, then it is
best to limit it to 2000 milligrams per day.

About the Author: For more information on HIPAA certification,
please visit our site or visit
our Bloodborne Pathogens training website .


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Breaking News Stories Of The Week



Obese People Are In Pain - Read this article to learn about the shocking relationship between pain and obesity.

How To Protect Yourself From Listeria Food Poisoning - Learn about listeriosis in the second to last installment of our foodborne illness series.

Water and Other Zero Calorie Drinks Help People Lose Weight - This is a must read article for anyone who's looking for healthy weight loss tips.

Aerobics And Resistance Training Are Good For Diabetics - Read about the benefits of regular exercise for people with diabetes.

You Are Beautiful - Thoughts about life.


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You Are Beautiful



Have you ever taken the time to reflect on the wonderment of your life? About the inner workings of your body and everything else that makes you... you? When you stop to think about it, it's a wonder that you're alive at all.

Your body is a thriving community in and of itself. You consist of tens of trillions of living cells, grouped into twelve systems according to their specific functions. You have systems that regulate body temperature, breathing, digestion, even sleep for individualized cells.

24/7, some of your cells are on the constant lookout for enemy invaders, while others are feeding, clearing waste, talking to one another and making chemicals. At any given time, one or more cells could make a mistake that could amplify to the point of utter and deadly chaos.

You have cells that record the inner sensations and experiences of one cell's interaction with its neighbors. You have cells that remember everything that has happened to you - from the inside out.

You have cells that can create images that are so vivid that you may not even realize they're the result of chemical reactions produced by these cells.

The individual awareness of each cell builds upon its neighbors reaching a point where consciousness emerges, giving rise to your sense of identity and realization that you are in the world.

You can never fully appreciate the consequences that lead to your birth, the merging of two cells which immediately resulted in your life. The events and consequences that could have put an end to you long before now. Yet, here you are. Yet, you're still here.

When you draw breath, or feel the warmth of the sun upon your skin, or smell the scented rose, never take these for granted. For your very awareness of these is the result of countless events unfolding on your behalf - events which serve as a testament of your worth and place in this world.

So wherever you are and whatever you may be doing, take pleasure in Life, and in happiness appreciate these words: "Oh, how beautiful you are!"


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Aerobics And Resistance Training Are Good For Diabetics



Aerobic and resistance training exercises improve the health of type 2 diabetics, new research shows. This study underscores the value healthy lifestyle provides for diabetes control.

In a study reported in the Diabetes Care journal, a team of Italian scientists led by Elisabetta Bacchi from the University of Verona's Department of Medicine wanted to know how aerobic and resistance training exercises affected the outcomes of  HbA1C and other metabolic risk factors in volunteers with adult-onset diabetes mellitus. To find out, they randomly assigned 40 type 2 diabetes patients to four months of resistance training or aerobic exercise regimens.

Prior to and following completion of the intervention, researchers collected data on HbA1C, glucose sensitivity, oral glucose tolerance test, body composition, cardiovascular fitness and muscular strength

When the research team reviewed the effects of exercise post training, they noted that volunteers who participated in aerobic exercise experienced greater efficiency in peak oxygen consumption; not surprisingly, patients who performed resistance training gained muscular strength. Physical exercise had other benefits including:

  • lowered glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C) in both groups
  • decreases in body fat in both groups
  • increased insulin sensitivity and lean limb mass 

The experiment showed that physical exercise improved metabolic function, insulin sensitivity and loss of body fat (visceral and abdominal) in volunteers with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Indeed, as remarkable as Bacchi's experiment was, it merely supports what many people have come to know and appreciate about physical exercise: exercise makes you healthy. Some of the most common symptoms of type 2 diabetes are obesity and cardiovascular disease.

Aerobic and resistance training accelerate the metabolism leading to increased oxygen consumption, improved heart function, muscular growth and fat loss. Most people can improve their health performing one instead of the other, but an exercise program that combines both regimens will reap the greatest benefits.

So once again science demonstrates that it's important to get active. Not only is exercise good for people who already have type 2 diabetes, it can be a very effective diabetes prevention method, too. 

How much time do you devote to exercise. How has it helped you? Tell us about it in the comments.


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Article Source 

Bacchi, E., Negri, C., Zanolin, M., Milanese, C., Faccioli, N., Trombetta, M., Zoppini, G., Cevese, A., Bonadonna, R., Schena, F., Bonora, E., Lanza, M., & Moghetti, P. (2012). Metabolic Effects of Aerobic Training and Resistance Training in Type 2 Diabetic Subjects: A randomized controlled trial (the RAED2 study) Diabetes Care DOI: 10.2337/dc11-1655


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Water and Other Zero Calorie Drinks Help People Lose Weight

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People who want to lose weight might benefit from drinking water and other noncaloric beverages, new research suggests. In a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, scientists have found evidence that noncaloric beverages promote weight loss. 

Deborah Tate and her colleagues from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's departments of nutrition, health behavior and education developed a plan which replaced caloric beverages with water and other nonalcoholic beverages for consumption by overweight and obese adults. The experiment, known as Choose Healthy Options Consciously Everyday (CHOICE),  lasted for six months and was used as a method of weight loss.

Tate and her colleagues selected 318 obese and overweight adults and divided them into one of three groups:

  • water group - volunteers' high calorie beverages were replaced with water
  •  noncaloric beverage group - volunteers' high caloric beverages were replaced with beverages that didn't contain calories
  • control group - these people were given tips on how to choose their own healthy foods

From the initiation of the experiment until its conclusion six months later, the research team noted significant declines in blood pressure, weight and waist circumference across all of the groups, but the water and noncaloric beverage groups lost more weight than the control group. 

According to results of the study, water was by far the best noncaloric beverage with volunteers' being better hydrated and experiencing lower fasting glucose than volunteers who were left to make their own food choices.

Tate's team concluded that since water and noncaloric beverages promote weight loss, it offers a "strategy" that "could have public health significance."

Actually this is a no-brainer. Of course water can promote weight loss. Not only does it add volume (and thus takes up space in the stomach which causes a sense of fullness), it hydrates the cells and promotes energy efficiency. 

Unfortunately, people don't drink enough water, they often dislike the bland taste. Noncaloric beverages (the flavored kind) taste better but they're admittedly more expensive than plain old water. But if you want to lose weight safely, water can help.

Afterall, since water is a cheap and natural (and thus healthy) way to lose weight, doesn't it make sense to include it as part of a healthy diet?


"Many are the afflictions of the righteous, but the Lord delivers him out of them all." (Psalm 34:19)

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Article Sources

Tate, D., Turner-McGrievy, G., Lyons, E., Stevens, J., Erickson, K., Polzien, K., Diamond, M., Wang, X., & Popkin, B. (2012). Replacing caloric beverages with water or diet beverages for weight loss in adults: main results of the Choose Healthy Options Consciously Everyday (CHOICE) randomized clinical trial American Journal of Clinical Nutrition DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.111.026278

Water: Have A Drink For Your Health


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