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September 2012

Lower Calorie Foods Report – It’s Not Just About Calories

Lower Calorie Foods Report – It’s Not Just About
Calories
By Milt Smalley

It is not enough to eat
low calorie foods when trying to lose weight. You need to eat
foods that are also high in nutritional value. Anything less and
you could be left feeling run down and tired. Once you feel run
down, you're less likely to want to be active which further
complicates weight loss.

Although eating a fewer amount of calories is paramount to
weight loss, you want to make sure that you are getting vital
nutrients that your body needs for its daily processes. This
doesn’t have to be as complicated as you might think. One of the
biggest reasons given for a heavier population in today’s
society is attributed to the fact that we are cutting corners
when it comes to food preparation. Often we eat fast food or
pre-prepared meals that you simply cook in the microwave.

Although not all bad, this gives us less control over the
ingredients and we may be eating hidden calories or ingredients
that tend to create more weight and less nutritional value. When
you prepare the foods yourself, you are able to determine what
goes into each meal and you can control how many carbohydrates
you eat as well as what type.

Most diet plans boast low calorie foods as the mainstay of the
program. This is often marketed by telling us that these foods
have less fat. Although you do need to pay attention to the fat
content, eating foods high in simple carbohydrates and no fat
are just as bad as eating a diet that’s high in fat. The key is
balance between the two, as your body needs both to maintain
health.

Complex carbohydrates are best, as they take longer to break
down and for your body to convert them to sugar. Simple
carbohydrates are metabolized quickly, raising your blood sugar
almost immediately after eating. If you don’t burn this sugar
through exercise, it’s then converted and stored as fat for
future use.

The general rule of thumb with carbohydrates is to eat those
that also contain a high amount of fiber. This fiber helps to
move them through your digestive tract and minimize the impact
they have on your blood glucose. Additionally, you need to eat
foods that are low in saturated fats as this is the bad type of
fat that can raise cholesterol and cause cardiovascular
problems.

Although we’ve been told to eat low fat foods for many years,
recent research shows it’s not so much how much fat you eat, but
which type of fat you consume that is a good predictor of weight
gain and heart disease. Polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats
are considered good fats and actually help to maintain heart
health.

When mapping out a weight loss plan, you need to approach it as
a lifestyle change. It’s not as simple or healthy to approach it
as simply eating less calories or eliminating fat or
carbohydrates. The key to long term healthy weight loss is to
eat a well balanced diet that offers both nutritional value and
lower caloric intake. This can be accomplished by eating low
calorie foods that offer higher fiber in addition to vital
nutrients.

About the Author: For information about
low calorie foods please visit
http://thelowcaloriediet.org

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Much Ado About Sugar - Getting Rid Of Your Sweet Tooth

Much Ado About Sugar - Getting Rid Of Your Sweet Tooth

By Stewart Wrighter

Are you ashamed that sugary snacks seem irresistible, and have you started to feel that your sweet tooth is causing embarrassment? Honestly, there is nothing disgraceful in having a liking for sweets. It is actually the consumption of too much sugar coupled with insufficient oral hygiene that can lead to tooth decay. After this, you will surely end up with a dentist. Sugar like any other food can cause discoloration of tooth enamel, but sweets alone cannot be blamed for it. However, you can get teeth whitening in case this happens.

In any case, sugar cravings are quite natural. You do not necessarily have to suppress them every time. However, the excess of anything can be dangerous for you. So, when you feel you are too addicted to sugar, it is time to quit.

Obviously, you would not find it easy and simple. The act of getting rid of your sweet tooth is a bit tricky. People who do not take three spoonfuls of sugar in their tea are also having an excess of sweet through cereals and fruits. The good news is that the intense craving for sugar is recoverable and takes about three to four days. But you need to understand that it is not just sweet food that is the source of sugar. Depending upon the various levels of addiction, here are some ways to beat the sweets:

• The first on the list is to change your meal plan. Instead of cereals for breakfast, try to go for oats or other low sugar meals.

• Reduce your frequent eating habits. Three meals and two snacks in a day are just about it.

• Try your best to find replacements for sugary substances. During the times when you take sugary snacks, better replace them with something less sugary. For instance, strawberries tend to have a ten times lesser sugar as compared to raisins. Another substitute is xylose that you can add in hot drinks or porridge. You can even go for honey which acts as a great substitute for refined sugar.

• Disappointing news for people who love caffeine is that caffeine has been found to disrupt the blood-sugar balance. Keeping away from sweets and taking coffee, you might be thinking that you have suppressed your blood sugar level. You are actually mistaken. You can consume green tea or any type of tea for that matter which has sufficient antioxidants to repair any damage done until now.

• After you have been able to successfully balance your blood sugar level, get some medical help to overcome the problem once and for all. In some cases, you need to take cinnamon supplements that are quite helpful in reducing your sugar cravings.

Everyone knows that oat-based cereals are far better than rice or corn-based ones. Or that lentils or brown rice is better than refined wheat pasta. But who wants to give up a delicious bowl of pasta? Everyone wishes to keep themselves away from the craving of sugar, but very few are prepared for it in the real sense.

About the Author: Stewart Wrighter visited a Vancouver dentist practice on his last trip to north when emergency care was needed for a member of his family. He did a search for a Vancouver teeth whitening practice to find a reputable expert to whiten his teeth.

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Losing the Belly Fat and Finding Your Abs

Losing the Belly Fat and Finding Your Abs

By Jackson Fyre

Isn't it wonderful to be able to wear body-fit clothes without worrying a protruding stomach? Nowadays, many people are conscious of their outside appearance. We try different things to achieve a body that is belly-free, from attending gym classes to taking diet pills.

There are two ways to achieve a belly-free body - Exercise and Diet.

1) Exercise: We often hear people say exercise is good. Aside from helping you prevent diseases and illnesses it helps reduce fat especially from the abdomen. Most gyms now offer classes and training to quickly improve your abs. But to those who can't go to a gym, there are different kinds of abdominal exercises that you can do at home.

The most popular abdominal exercise is the sit-up. This helps strengthen the hip flexor and abdominal muscles. It starts with lying with the back on a flat surface or ground. The arms can be across the chest or behind the head. The knees are bent and the toes and heels are flat on the ground. Slowly and gently lift the head followed by the shoulder blades.

Another alternative for sit-up is the crunch. There are different types of crunches that you can do - Twist crunches, Side crunches, Reverse crunches and Seated V-crunches.
Aside from abdominal exercises, swimming, walking, running and cycling will also help you get into shape.

2) Eat well: Exercising will be of no used if you will not watch what you eat. Limit your intake of foods that are high in sugar and also avoid salty foods. Replace juices and fizzy drinks with water, candies and chocolate with fruits. Try to also avoid alcohol drinks which we all know contain sugar as well.

Foods rich in fiber are also good for your body. Small intake of fiber-rich food is very filling. Some examples of these foods are apples, bananas, beans, spinach, sweet corn, carrots, peas, whole meal brown bread and bran cereals.
Whether you want to have flat abs or just want to stay fit and healthy, keep in mind that you need at least 5 servings of vegetables and 2 servings of fruits in a day and plenty of water.

Six pack abs is not merely for aesthetic purpose alone. It improves posture and prevents lower back injuries. Beneath the abdominal muscles are vital organs, strong abs is helping protect these parts.

Doing abdominal crunches is good, but not enough to have a strong defined core muscle. Cardiovascular exercise is of great importance as well. Intense cardio like running, swimming, biking, dancing or aerobics will do the trick.
Exercise routines that increase heart rate are good at burning fats. Just 20 minutes of varied intense cardio is enough, divide 20 minutes into 2 to 3 parts, like brisk walking to jogging then running, this way the muscles will warm up before more intense routines.

After that you can go straight to resistance exercise. Resistance training in general will strengthen the muscles and give it more definition. If you are just starting your routine you might want to start with just what your body can handle, start crunches the normal way, no weights, no equipment etc. As your strength and endurance increases, the duration and amount of resistance may be increased with time. However, cardio and resistance training is futile without proper diet.

It is strongly advised to eat small frequent meals. Be mindful of food intake, less carbohydrates and fats, more protein. If you have special health conditions it is best to seek advice from medical professionals or dietician.
With the combination of intense cardiovascular exercise, resistance training and proper diet, what used to be just a dream of a six pack abs can become reality.

About the Author: If you are serious about getting ripped abs, then you have to check out the TRX suspension trainer. Make sure you get a TRX Coupon Code and have fun working out.

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Tips to Wake up in the Morning For Exercise

Tips to Wake up in the Morning For Exercise

By Kya Grace

Research says that the best time to work out is in the morning. The benefits are huge. You feel active and fresh the whole day. That sluggish metabolism gets an early morning kick-start. What more can you ask for? Most people who are into regular exercising will agree that early mornings are the best time to work out because that’s when most of us have the time for ourselves. The rest of the day is eaten up by the very many chores and responsibilities to be fulfilled. Sounds ideal, right? In spite of knowing all the numerous benefits that are laid out, it is still hard to get into the habit of rising early.

Early Bird

Though it would be great to rise at the crack of dawn, it is difficult to keep that appointment. There are a few practical tips one can use to be an early riser. Once it becomes a routine of rising early our internal clock gets adjusted to it and it will be automatic to rise at the same early hour every day.

Night Before

The night before plays an important role to wake up feeling fresh and bright. Your body requires it’s eight hour of sleep. So don’t deprive your body of it. Hit the bed early or at least two hours before midnight. Your body will thank you for it and will co-operate with you the next morning.

Also eat light two hours before you call it a day. Eating light and eating it early is crucial to rising early. When you eat at least two hours before you sleep your body gets enough time to digest the food before it goes onto the “sleep-mode” and eating light means lesser work for your body- the digestion and assimilation is a long drawn out process than imaginable. Eating light and early gives your body time to do the repair work it is meant to be doing during your sleep. Once you follow this pattern you will be to a certain extent be able to rise early feeling happy and rejuvenated.

Bio- Rhythm

Listen to your body. It is sending you a lot of signals all the time. Tune yourself to hear it. Tell yourself “ Get up at sunrise” . You will be surprised that you will automatically become alert at that time. Stick to rising early for a few days. Before you know it will become a habit- a good habit that is very beneficial to your health.

Plan Ahead

Get your exercise gear ready the previous night. That will save precious early morning minutes spent in getting organized. When you see your shoes and work out clothes ready and waiting for you, you will find it easier to follow your plan to get out of the house.
It is a good idea to have a small snack before you embark on your work out routine. A banana or cereals will do. It kick-starts your metabolism and an early start means more calories are burnt through the day.

About the Author: Kya Grace is a Sydney weight loss expert and owner of Dangerously Fit personal training. If you would like to attend a session with a Bondi Personal Trainer or join a boot camp, visit Sydney Bootcamps.

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Arthritis Treatment: Why Is Vitamin D So Important?

Arthritis Treatment: Why Is Vitamin D So Important?

By Nathan Wei

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin which is present in some foods, either naturally, or put in as an additive, and also available as a dietary supplement. It is also synthesized in the skin as a result of sunlight exposure.

In order for it to become metabolically active, vitamin D needs to undergo a transformation. These transformations are referred to as “hydroxylations”.The first hydroxylation is in the liver and converts vitamin D to 25-hydroxyvitamin D. The second hydroxylation occurs in the kidney and forms 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D.

Vitamin D helps with calcium absorption from the gut. It is also needed for normal bone growth and bone remodeling. Vitamin D deficiency causes bones to become fragile. In children, this condition is referred to as rickets and in adults it is called “osteomalacia.”

When taken with calcium supplementation, vitamin D protects adults from getting osteoporosis.

Other activities Vitamin D has are regulation of cell growth, maintenance of immune function, neuromuscular conditioning, and reduction of inflammation.

The blood concentration of 25- hydroxyvitamin D is the best indicator of a patient’s vitamin D status.

There is debate over the exact level of vitamin D necessary for both bone as well as overall health. A steering committee of the Institute of Medicine stated that people with levels of vitamin D (25-hydroxyvitamin D) less than 30 nmol/L are vitamin D deficient. Levels above 50 nmol/L are sufficient for most people.

Food sources for vitamin D include fatty fish (salmon, tuna, and mackerel) and fish liver oils are among the best sources. Lesser amounts of vitamin D are found in beef liver, cheese, and egg yolks, and mushrooms. Most vitamin D, in food form, comes by way of fortified foods such as milk, orange juice, yogurt, and margarine.

Fortunately, most people meet vitamin D requirements through sunlight exposure. There are multiple factors that modulate the effect of sunlight though. These include the season, duration of sunlight exposure, smog or cloudiness, melanin content of the skin, and the use of sunscreen.

People who have limited sun exposure need to have good dietary intake of vitamin D.

Obviously, the need for sunlight exposure in order to achieve good vitamin D levels conflicts with the fact that ultraviolet light exposure is a carcinogen responsible for skin cancers and the 8,000 deaths due to metastatic melanoma that occur annually in the United States (data from the National Institutes of Health).

Older adults are at increased risk of developing vitamin D insufficiency because they do not synthesize vitamin D efficiently, they tend to spend more time indoors, and they may have an inadequate dietary intake.

Other high risk groups include people with darkly pigmented skin, people who wear long robes and head coverings for religious reasons, patients with fat malabsorption syndromes such as inflammatory bowel disease, liver disease, or cystic fibrosis, obese individuals, and people who have undergone gastric bypass.

Approximately 40 million adults in the United States have osteoporosis, a disease characterized that increases bone fragility and fractures. Insufficient vitamin D contributes to osteoporosis by reducing calcium absorption.

Osteoporosis can develop as a result of inadequate calcium and vitamin D. Adequate levels of vitamin D might help prevent osteoporosis in older adults, postmenopausal women, and people who take chronic steroids. Some studies have shown that inadequate vitamin D levels can cause an increased risk of falls and subsequent fracture.

Some data also indicates vitamin D could affect cancer risk. However, studies remain inconclusive.

Bottom line:
Levels of vitamin D (25-hydroxyvitamin D) less than 30 nmol/L are vitamin D deficient
Levels above 50 nmol/L are sufficient
Vitamin D intake should be at least 600 IU to 1,000 IU for most individuals 50 years of age or older. This may need to be increased in individuals who are D deficient. Some individuals who are very deficient may need to be placed on pharmacologic doses of vitamin, meaning 50, 000 units once or twice weekly. Blood levels of vitamin D can be used to gauge response.

About the Author: Nathan Wei, MD FACP FACR is a board-certified rheumatologist and nationally known arthritis authority and expert. For more info: Arthritis Treatment and Arthritis Treatment Center

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Allergy Sufferers Have Lower Cancer Risk, Study

Sneeze SNEEZE WIKIPEDIA
(The image "A man mid-sneeze." prepared by CDC uploaded to wikipedia.)

by

Joseph

Allergies may be a blessing in disguise - insofar as cancer is concerned. According to a report published in Journal of the National Cancer Institute, allergies lower the risk for developing brain cancer.

Researchers led by Judith Schwartzbaum, from the Division of Epidemiology at Ohio State University, compared blood samples from 594 Norwegians diagnosed with brain tumors between 1974 and 2007 to 1177 healthy controls. The scientists matched the samples for date of collection, 2 year age interval and gender. 

Schwartzbaum's team, building upon previous evidence showing an association between allergies and reduced risk of brain cancer, sought to pinpoint how long it would take for gliomas to be diagnosed.

To do this they measured the allergen specific immunoglobulin E and total immunoglobulin E levels of the two groups. Immunoglobulin E, or IgE, is an antibody that plays a key role in combating disease. This special protein also mediates commonly known allergies including eczema, allergic asthma and hay fever.

The reason why these proteins are important to scientists studying brain tumors is that some studies show a reduced risk of gliomas in people suffering from allergies. And while allergies can be very unpleasant, the prospect that they can provide protection against deadly cancer is very exciting and worth investigating.

What Schwartzbaum's team learned was that women who tested for elevated levels of allergen specific-IgE had a lower risk of glioblastoma brain tumor. When they looked at serum samples of men with high concentrations of the same antibody protein, they found no such association.

The researchers were unable to explain why the antibody lowered tumor risk in women, but not men. Yet, while of only borderline significance, when researchers combined the sexes, elevated levels of total IgE and allergen-specific IgE showed a reduced risk for glioblastoma and glioma.

Schwartzbaum and her team provide several plausible theories to explain how allergies could be a protection against brain tumors.

The one that stood out to me was that allergy symptoms could trigger IgE leading to the elimination of potentially mutagenic foreign particles.

What this essentially means is that if a parasite or another type of pathogen that has the ability to cause cellular mutations happens to enter the body it would triggers an allergic reaction. When that event occurs, the antibody IgE would get rid of it, thereby stopping development of brain cancer before it starts.

The results of Schwartbaum's study suggest that timing could be important part of the cancer prevention process. Case in point: when they looked at serum samples from patients collected 20 years before tumor diagnosis, those testing positive for total IgE was associated with borderline or statistically significantly decreased risk of glioma and glioblastoma.

Put another way, testing positive for IgE could lower the risk of developing brain tumors 20 years later, but as a person approaches the time of cancer diagnosis, the less effective the antibody becomes. Theirs was the first team to make such an observation.

Based on the findings of their study, Schwartzbaum and her team wrote: "[W]e found that allergen-specific and total IgE may be simultaneously related to glioblastoma and glioma risk."

Acknowledging the need for additional research they went on to say:"Whether this mechanism represents a form of immune surveillance or is a correlate of serum IgE concentration remains to be determined."

 

God is faithful; He keeps His promises to protect the helpless and to love His children and He also promises to destroy the wicked. God is faithful. Trust in Him and He will not leave you even when you feel all alone, He will be there.

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Article Source 

Schwartzbaum J, Ding B, Johannesen TB, Osnes LT, Karavodin L, Ahlbom A, Feychting M, & Grimsrud TK (2012). Association Between Prediagnostic IgE Levels and Risk of Glioma. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 104 (16), 1251-9 PMID: 22855780

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"Allergy Sufferers Have Lower Cancer Risk, Study" copyright 2012 Living Fit, Healthy and Happy(SM). All Rights Reserved.


How To Make Your Home Healthier

How To Make Your Home Healthier

By Penny Lane

A healthy living space is a vital part of leading a healthy lifestyle. There are a number of things you can do to make your home space as healthy as possible. This will not only help you feel better when you are home, it will help you be stronger and healthier in all aspects of your life. If you are ready to make changes and create a living environment that supports your healthy lifestyle, there are a number of improvements you can make. Start by creating a space in your home where you can exercise. You can go all out and shop at a treadmill sale or purchase Olympic plates, or you can do something simpler and just create a corner with some weights and exercise mat. Regardless of how elaborate the space is, you will have a convenient area in which to exercise, right in your home.

Improving your home is about more than just having a space you can work out. Being able to breathe healthy air in your home is imperative if you want to feel your best. When the air quality in your home improves, you sleep better, feel better, and have better health overall. You can add air filters to the furnace which help clean the air throughout the home, or you can purchase a portable air filter and keep it in the rooms where you are spending the most time. Consider leaving a filter in the bedroom on permanent basis and let it run while you sleep, helping you inhale clean, fresh oxygen while your body regains energy.

When possible, open the windows in your home and let in fresh air. If you have any rooms in which the windows do not work, have them repaired as soon as you can. The outdoor air helps eliminate germs and makes it easier to breathe. Even if you are using an air filter or purifier, nothing compares to the fresh breezes from the great outdoors.

If you are planning some home improvements, do what you can to make the changes as healthy as possible. Choose healthy materials that will not only add durability and style to you place, but that also improve the overall health of your home. Using low VOC paints means you will not be bringing toxic chemicals into your home when you apply new color to the walls. The smell of fresh paint may not bother everyone, but remember you are inhaling chemicals. The fewer you are exposed to, the healthier your environment will be.

Lastly, one of the most important things you can do to improve your home's health is to keep it clean. Dust, mites, dander, and mold all affect how you feel. If you let them build up, you will soon find you are feeling ill every time you are in your home. In some cases, like with mold, the reaction can be fatal. Concentrate on keeping things uncluttered and free of germs and dirt. At least once a week, clean your entire home with natural cleaning products that eliminate unhealthy bacteria. With just a little effort, your home can help you live a healthier life.

About the Author: Penny Lane went to a fitness store for a treadmill sale in order to purchase some gym equipment. Her husband looked on the internet for Olympic plates to stock his home gym.

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Top 3 Causes Of Sugar Cravings

Top 3 Causes Of Sugar Cravings

By Sandra Hoedemaker

Does this sound familiar? It is afternoon and like clockwork, your sugar craving hits. You know you shouldn't give in to your craving but the intensity of the craving is so extreme you just don't have enough willpower to prevent yourself from satisfying it. You grab whatever is near, i.e. cookies from the vending machine, chocolates on your assistant's desk, or the leftover ice cream in the freezer from the night before. If there is nothing around and easy to grab, you make a special trip to the food store to buy a sweet, tasty treat.

You take your first bite, and it tastes so good. You feel relief. Your energy levels immediately rise. You feel happier. This feel good feeling doesn't last long, however. Soon after your energy levels plummet, your mood becomes irritable, and you have trouble focusing on the tasks at hand. So what happens? Your body starts to crave more sugar to make yourself feel better again. You become frustrated with yourself because you have no willpower. What's wrong with you?

There is nothing wrong with you. Cravings are your body's way of telling you that something is amiss. You just need to understand what is at the root cause of your craving. In working with clients, I have identified the following 3 main causes of sugar cravings.

Low Energy: If you are tired your body will naturally crave sweets to quickly bring your energy levels back up. As long as your energy issues aren't due to some deeper, medical condition, you should be able to turn your energy levels around by identifying the cause of your low energy. There are a number of possible causes of low energy one of which is skipping breakfast (or eating a poor quality breakfast).

Don't skip breakfast if you want to have high energy levels throughout the day so that you can prevent your body from craving sugar. After literally fasting all night long, your body needs healthy food come morning. If you don't give your body the fuel it needs, it will send out craving signals for a quick energy source like sugar that will be hard to ignore. Keep in mind a good breakfast is not cold cereal, orange juice, coffee, instant oatmeal or a bagel. All these foods will spike your blood sugar levels just like table sugar only to leave you lacking in energy soon after. Try instead to eat healthy foods for breakfast that don't raise blood sugar levels so quickly and high like whole temperate fruits (not tropical); protein like fish, nuts, seeds, legumes, eggs; vegetables (excluding white potatoes); and cooked whole grains (not instant or the whole grains found in cold cereal).

Nutritional Imbalance: Sometimes a sugar craving is caused by a nutritional imbalance. For instance, if you are eating too much salt, you are likely to crave sugar later. Human beings love the taste of sweet and salty combined. Some examples of this taste combination are chocolate covered pretzels, peanut butter cups, and eating an orange after a salty Chinese meal. Pay attention to when you have your sugar cravings to see if you ate something salty prior that may have triggered your craving.

Other possible nutritional imbalances that may trigger a sugar craving include: eating too little fat, overloading on protein, drinking too little water, enjoying too much spicy food, eating foods low in nutritional value.

Primary Food Issue: What is primary food? Primary food is food that doesn't come on a plate, and you don't put it into your mouth. What kind of food could primary food be? I sometimes call it life food or soul food. To be healthy and to get sugar cravings under control, you need to love your life. Think about it. When you are stressed you are much more likely to eat sweets than when you are having fun and completely immersed in your life and work.

We often associate sweet foods with comfort, happiness, and joy so if our lives are lacking in these things, sweet treats become the fix. Interestingly, we are now finding that even on a physiological level our body produces feel good hormones when we eat sugar. No wonder sweets can be so addictive! Still, if we can take a moment to identify what can be improved in our lives, and we start working towards fixing what needs to be fixed, our sugar cravings often diminish because we are getting sweetness from life instead of food.

Why is it important to end your sugar cravings? Sugar wreaks havoc on your heart health. It raises triglycerides, puts your body into fat storage mode, and can wear out your cells' ability to receive insulin which can lead to diabetes a key risk factor for heart disease.

So don't think that you can simply ignore getting your sugar cravings under control. From now until the end of the day tomorrow, be very aware of them. See if any of the causes just mentioned are ones that you think are linked to your sugar cravings. If yes, take a moment to consider what actions you can take to get your sugar craving back in control. With a little attention and experimentation, you should be able to kick the sugar habit for good.

About the Author: Want sure-fire, easy ways to lower your LDL cholesterol and triglycerides by 30% and 20%, respectively, while learning how to get your sugar cravings under control? Visit www.cutcholesterolnow.com for your FREE audio "Top 3 Secrets to Lower Your Cholesterol Fast without Drugs or Drastic Dieting". Sandra is a Heart-Healthy Food Coach. She received her nutrition and coaching training from the Institute for Integrative Nutrition in NYC

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Asthma Inhalers Could Stunt Children's Growth, Study

by

Joseph

Glucocorticoid medications that help asthmatic children to breathe more easily may stunt their growth, new research suggests. According to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, use of steroid asthma inhalers by young asthmatics is associated with a small but noticeable decrease in adult height.

Dr. H. William Kelly from the University of New Mexico led a team of researchers who sought to learn the effects of specific inhaled steroids on the adult height. Based on what scientists knew about the association between inhaled glucocorticoids for childhood asthma treatment and stunted growth, Kelly and his colleagues initially believed that although children receiving inhaled steroids over a long period of time would experience growth delays, the effects wouldn't be long lasting. However, their findings proved otherwise.

For the current study, the researchers randomly assigned 1041 mild to moderate asthmatic children (age 5 to 13 years) to one of three groups: budesonide twice daily for 4 to 6 years, nedocromil inhaler twice daily for 4 to 6 years, or placebo for 4 to 6 years.

All of the children were participants in Childhood Asthma Management Program (CAMP), which was a long term clinical trial  designed to ascertain the long term effects of inhaled steroids improved the health of children with mild to moderate asthma. 

Kelly's team ultimately obtained adult height data on 943 participants which revealed that participants assigned to budesonide were 1.2 centimeters shorter than those in the placebo group; whereas the group assigned to nedocromil (a nonsteroidal medication) had adult height similar to those assigned to placebo.

Women tended to lose more height than men. More specifically, women who took budesonide lost 1.8 cm of height compared to women in the placebo group, while men assigned to this medication lost .8 cm compared to their counterparts who took placebo.

Researchers noted that growth reduction at 1 to 2 years following start of treatment persisted into adulthood, but that height suppression was not very significant.

They also addressed the need to balance future height with the importance of treating asthma saying: "[I]n the information about inhaled glucocorticoids and their side effects that is provided to parents, the potential effect on adult height must be balanced against the large and well-established benefit of these drugs in controlling persistent asthma. It is appropriate to use the lowest effective dose for symptom control in order to minimize concern about the effects of inhaled glucocorticoids on adult height."

 

God is the God of all, there are none above God.

 

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Article Source

Kelly HW, Sternberg AL, Lescher R, Fuhlbrigge AL, Williams P, Zeiger RS, Raissy HH, Van Natta ML, Tonascia J, Strunk RC, & the CAMP Research Group (2012). Effect of Inhaled Glucocorticoids in Childhood on Adult Height. The New England journal of medicine PMID: 22938716

 

"Asthma Inhalers Could Stunt Children's Growth, Study" copyright 2012 Living Fit, Healthy and Happy.

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Raising Cavity-Free Children

Raising Cavity-Free Children

By Michael A. Rollins

Raising your children to properly care for their teeth and prevent cavities does more than just saving you money on countless repairs on cavities – it also helps them develop a routine for dental care that will last a lifetime. Many parents find it difficult to figure out when to start teaching their children about dental care and how to do it so that the child will stick with it and be able to trust that they will continue to do it without being constantly reminded.

Most dentists suggest that dental care should begin even before your baby gets their first tooth. Few parents know that a baby’s teeth actually begin to form during the second trimester of pregnancy. Because these teeth are not visible in a newborn doesn’t mean that they are not there or that their importance is insignificant until later on. These teeth are just below the surface of the gums, and keeping your baby’s mouth properly cared for can help ensure the teeth have a healthy environment in which they can develop. One thing parents can do is run a damp washcloth over their baby’s gums before the teeth develop, later graduating to a soft children’s toothbrush at night when they start teething.

As soon as your child’s teeth begin erupt through the gums, parents should begin taking them to a family or pediatric dentist who is fully trained in children’s teeth. Any potential problems can thus be detected and treated early on. The American Dental Association recommends your child’s first dentist visit should be by their first birthday or shortly after.

After the age of two, dental visits will begin to include fluoride applications. These help harden the enamel of your child’s teeth preventing cavities and oral diseases. Because the enamel is not fully developed, getting your child in the habit of brushing their teeth after every meal and even snacks is vital in preventing cavities. When your child begins brushing around two or three years old, make sure you supervise them – particularly if using fluoride toothpaste – making sure they never use more than a pea sized amount. Be sure they do not ingest it and help them understand that it is dangerous to swallow any of the paste or foam in their mouths.

As your child gets older and loses their baby teeth and the permanent ones start to grow in, their dentist should apply sealants to the teeth that are most likely to develop cavities. This is a great way to add another line of defense against cavities, even if they miss a few brushings or have a sweet tooth. However, this doesn’t mean you don’t have to keep making sure they are brushing after meals and most importantly at night. Children should visit their dentist every six months or so depending upon your dentist’s recommendations to be sure any decay or other issues are caught early enough to fix or to prevent from getting any worse.

Keep in mind that if you have had tooth decay or gum disease in your own mouth, your children are at a heightened risk to develop these as well, so it is even more important to help them realize how important it is to care for the teeth. You might even want to show them pictures of tooth decay to give them a visual of what could happen.

About the Author: Mike Rollins is a freelance health writer who writes patient-education material for a variety of dentists and other healthcare providers in the Midwest. If you live near Eau Claire, Wisconsin and do not yet have a dental provider, feel free to visit this dental clinic for more information.

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