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March 2013

Fixing Your Hungry Hormones (Part 2)

Fixing Your Hungry Hormones (Part 2)

Fixing Your Hungry Hormones (Part 2)
By Scott Isaacs M.D.

In my last article, I talked about the fat cell hormone leptin and the effects of leptin resistance. Leptin is a hormone produced by fat cells that is responsible for regulating body weight, appetite, metabolism and our motivation to seek out food. Leptin resistance occurs when this hormone can't get the signal to the brain to shut off appetite. Leptin resistance is a major problem that prevents overweight people from losing weight. By improving leptin resistance, you will be well on your way to losing weight and keeping it off for the long haul.

It turns out that the main cause of leptin resistance is inflammation. What is inflammation? In the most basic terms, inflammation is the body's way of fighting disease, especially infections and cancer. The classic signs of inflammation are redness (rubor), pain (dolor), warmth (calor) and swelling (tumor). Inflammation comes from the Latin inflammare, which literally means to set on fire. Inflammation can be a good thing, without it, you would not be able to fight infections and you would be more susceptible to cancer.

But inflammation has an ugly side as well. Inflammation is the major cause of leptin resistance. Inflammation is also the root cause of insulin resistance, which often leads to elevated blood sugar and type 2 diabetes. Inflammation has also been linked to host of medical problems like heart disease, high blood pressure, strokes, diabetes, bowel disease, liver disease and other medical issues.

There are many causes of inflammation. Infections, medical conditions and stress can all cause inflammation. But it turns out that the major cause of inflammation in the body is excess fat. Yes. The fat in your body causes inflammation. Fat tissue produces substances called inflammatory cytokines that figuratively set fat on fire. The two main cytokines made by fat tissue are known as tumor necrosis factor and interleukin. These agents are the underlying cause of inflammation in the body.

To make things even more interesting, it turns out that fat tissue is comprised of a variety of cells, not just fat cells. Fat cells, indeed are the largest component of fat tissue. They are responsible for storing fat, generating body heat and making leptin as well as many other fat cell hormones like adiponectin, resistin and visfatin. A second cell in fat tissue, called a macrophage is the cell that is primarily responsible for inflammation and making the inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor and interleukin. Macrophages are actually white blood cells, immune system cells that take up residence in fat tissue. When they live in fat tissue, they are called adipose tissue macrophages or ATMs for short.

Today, adipose tissue macrophages are the subject of intense investigation. Scientists have found that these special cells have a lot of special qualities that allow them to produce such high levels of inflammation chemicals. By better understanding the adipose tissue macrophage, scientists hope to unravel some of the complexity behind leptin resistance and ultimately develop new medications to treat obesity and all of the conditions caused by inflammation.

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Benefits of a Daily Workout Plan

Benefits of a Daily Workout Plan

Benefits of a Daily Workout Plan
By Kya Victoria Grace

Some people enjoy working out while some don't. In any case, the first step before starting any exercise is a Work out Plan. People who have a realistic and well structured work out plan get amazing and long lasting benefits. Having a specific daily work out plan gives every individual that wonderful feeling of "a job well done". Every workout plan should be prepared in consultation with an expert personal trainer.

Discussed below are some clear-cut benefits of following a standard work out plan:

� It helps you to get a clear understanding of the importance of fitness and health for the body.
� It helps you to understand things that are going to work well and the connection of exercise with respect to your body.
� You will be amazed by the slow but steady body transformation.

Other prominent changes by following a daily workout plan regularly include:

Planned workout helps to keep the weight under control since you lose calories that accumulate over a period of time. More timely and intense the exercises are, the more calories you burn.

Timely exercise helps to boost your energy. It helps to deliver essential nutrients and oxygen to the tissues of the body and the brain at regular intervals. In fact, it regulates the circulation of blood through the heart and blood vessels and the entire cardiovascular system as a whole works more efficiently.

Regular exercise will improve your mood. Physical activities at regular intervals stimulate various brain chemicals that will make you happy and relaxed. The better feeling and better look will help to boost your confidence and self esteem. Other way round, timely exercise prevents depression.

Scheduled physical activity allows you to have a good night's sleep which in turn helps to improve concentration and productivity. Scheduled exercise helps to fall asleep faster and also deepens sleep.

Scheduled workouts help to fight against diseases. The major benefit among the elderly is the prevention of osteoporosis. Blood pressure is maintained at optimum level. Cholesterol level is also maintained at normal. The smooth flow of blood helps to prevent accumulation of plaques in the arteries.

A proper schedule for exercise will give you time for other social activities like attending dancing classes, reaching out to friends and relatives, going out for a drive, dinner with friends and have - gasp - a lot of fun.

Physical workouts at specified intervals lead to enhanced arousal for both men and women that helps to put the spark back into the sex life. Regular exercise helps to prevent erectile dysfunctions and develops vigor and energy.

The biggest benefit of maintaining a schedule is the mind-body soul connection. If you maintain a definite work out plan you're bound to have positive change in life. Needless to say, it gives a wonderful feeling to see how naturally and effortlessly the mind-body-soul works leading you towards a healthy lifestyle. For timely and better results, following a personal trainer's advice is most important.

If you would like to hire a Randwick Personal Trainer, for a free consultation, visit Bootcamps Sydney.

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Abdominoplasty - Operation Overview

Abdominoplasty - Operation Overview

Abdominoplasty - Operation Overview
By Andrea Avery

An abdominoplasty is a plastic surgery operation that is centered on the patient's stomach area. The aim of this procedure is to make the general appearance of the abdominal area firm, without any loose or sagging tissue and skin. Some people think that any overweight person can have this operation done to help with losing weight but this is far from the truth. The reality of it is that a currently obese person should initially lose significant weight in order for the surgery to be a success. The tummy tuck, another name for this technique, can be combined with liposuction centered on the abdominal area to maximize the results.

The patient should pass several interviews and some physical tests in order to qualify as a good candidate for the operation. There are a lot of factors that can affect the operation, hence, the rigid screening of the individual as a candidate for it. The physical and mental health of the prospective patient should be stable and the results should be explained well in order not to have inflated expectations after the abdominoplasty. The medical history of the patient should be examined and underlying conditions should be discussed.

After passing the screening for the tummy tuck, the patient is then scheduled for the tummy tuck. This can take days or weeks depending on the lifestyle of the patient and the schedules of both the patient and the doctor. In the operating room, the individual is placed under general anesthesia because of the pain and discomfort that usually accompanies an abdominoplasty. Vital signs are monitored while the doctor makes incisions, trims of excess skin, tissues and fat from the area. The amount of excess skin, tissues and fat can dictate the kind of method the doctor employs to implement the tummy tuck. There is a partial and a full tummy tuck as well as several others and some combinations of techniques. The doctor and patient usually agree beforehand which technique is appropriate for the person. The procedure can take up to five hours, if there is a combination of liposuction and maybe some complications.

The recovery period can be slow for an abdominoplasty operation because of the location of the incisions and the extent of the surgery. The surgeon always prescribes medication to prevent most complications and the prescription should be followed. It can take several weeks before the full range of movement is attained by the individual. Check ups are usually scheduled so that the doctor can monitor the patient's progress.

With Abdominoplasty Pittsburgh surgeons offer terrific results to their patients which include a sleeker, more toned appearing abdomen that their patients are proud to show off. To know more, visit

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Are You Set For Health?

Are You Set For Health?

Are You Set For Health?
By Yuri Elkaim

Every one of us has a health thermostat. By that I mean an internal subconscious thermostat that dictates just how healthy we can be. Think of it this way...

Have you ever started on a healthy path (for instance going 100% raw) and then hit a point where something inside of you said, "That's good enough. I'll stop here."?

I've worked with countless people who have set the goal of losing weight (say 20 lbs) but anytime they get near their goal they somehow find a way to sabotage themselves.

Can you relate?

That's one of the reasons that so many people yo-yo diet. They lose weight only up to the point that their thermostat is set for, then they sabotage themselves, and then it begins all over again.

It's like the heating/cooling system in your home.

If you've set the thermostat for 23 degrees Celsius, then you can do all you want to get the temperature below 23 but it just won't happen. You can't get to 22 degrees or lower because the settings are what they are.

The only way to get below 23 is to readjust your thermostat.

The same thing applies for you, me, and every other person on this planet.

For instance, my thermostat is set so that I can eat as healthy as possible up to a certain point. Then, my subconscious kicks in and says, "Hey, you deserve to kick back tonight and enjoy a treat."

Sound familiar?

That's perhaps one of the reasons that I personally believe that moderation is best - because it works for me.

So how do reset your thermostat so that you can truly achieve the goals you really want?

Well, I won't lie to you. It takes a lot of introspection and hard work to reprogram your thoughts, beliefs, and habits.

After all, we've been conditioned from a young age to believe certain things and act in certain ways.

It takes time to undo the programs that have been installed in our hard drive.

But it can be done.

I'm still on the journey and so are you.

It never really stops. It's part of life. Each and every day we look to grow and expand our consciousness just a little bit more (at least I hope so).

For now, I will leave you with a few questions to ask yourself to help get you started:

1. What do you do to sabotage your weight loss or health initiatives?
2. Why do you do it? (Think hard)
3. What's holding you back? Are you scared that you might fail or are you scared of the unknown?
4. Do you truly believe that you deserve to reach your goals?

Answer these questions to the best of your ability. They should serve as a good starting point for getting a bit more clear as to why you do what you do.

Yuri Elkaim is a Registered Holistic Nutritionist and author of the Eating for Energy. Visit to get started with his FREE "Energy Secrets" e-course and discover what your diet has been missing.

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Running Workouts For Beginners Explained

Running Workouts For Beginners Explained

Running Workouts For Beginners Explained
By Yuri Elkaim

Okay, so you've just bought a new pair of shoes, a headband, and as many sports drinks as you can get your hands on. You are pumped about getting into running, and as you head outside, you get excited about getting out there and pounding some pavement.

Then you realize that you have no clue what to do.

Hey, it's okay. We all have to start somewhere, right? If you are new to the sport of running, realize that how you start determines if you stick to it or not. Fortunately, these workouts are very beginner-friendly.
Below are a few running workouts for beginners that make the following assumptions:
- You are new to running, in that you haven't consistently run before as a part of an exercise program.

- Your aerobic endurance is either nonexistent or low.

- You have time to run at least three times a week for at least 30 minutes at a time.
- You are interested in endurance, not speed.

Now, on to the workouts.

Workout # 1: The Walk/Jog/Run

This workout is a must for the true beginner, because it gradually ramps you up to higher levels. Start off by walking for about 5 minutes at a decent pace. You should start to feel a little out of breath, but not too tired. Then, start jogging at a slightly faster pace for 5 minutes. Then, speed it up a bit and run for 3 minutes. Go back to walking and repeat the cycle. Do this three times a workout, three times a week (every other day). After Week 1, take a minute off of your walking time and add 30 seconds to your jog and your run. Do this for three weeks.

Workout #2: Your First Mile

This workout will help you get to that first mile, a great milestone (pardon the pun) for any runner. After three weeks or so of doing the first workout, run half a mile, then jog (preferably) a half a mile, three times a week. Do this for two weeks. On your sixth week, run 3/4s of a mile and jog º a mile two different times. On your third workout that week, guess what youíre going to do?

Run your first mile! Exciting, I know.

Workout #3: Stepping Up

After completing workout #2, you are ready to start putting on some miles. We'll say this is Week 1 of your actual running program. For Week 1, run 1 mile three times (every other day). For Week 2, run 1 mile twice a week, then run 1.5 miles on your last day. For Week 3, run 1.5 miles three times, every other day. Then, for Week 4, go the distance: Try to run 1 mile at least 4 times that week. Go for 5 days if you can make it.

If you follow those workouts, you can gradually and safely build up your endurance. You'll be winning marathons and stockpiling medals in no time.

Fitness and Running expert, Yuri Elkaim, and his Treadmill Trainer running workouts, has helped thousands of health conscious individuals (of all fitness levels) become faster and more endurance runners with just 2 runs per week. Try his interval training running workouts for free by visiting today!

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Today Is American Diabetes Alert Day



It's that time of the year again - the fourth Tuesday in March. Why is this day so special? It's special because it marks this year's observance of American Diabetes Alert Day

Diabetes is taking a toll on the nation. According to recent government statistics, 26 million people in America are diabetic. Recent studies estimate that 347 million people worldwide have the disease, and if trends for the upcoming decades aren't reversed, the number of people diagnosed with diabetes is also likely to increase.

In fact, the World Health Organization predicts that diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death by 2030.

Interestingly, 2030 is the same year that Eric A. Finkelstein of the Global Health Institute at Duke University in North Carolina predicts severe obesity will become more prevalent in the United States. Obesity increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes (the diabetes most likely to affect adults), thus making these predictions very significant.

The good news is there is a simple test that can give you advanced warning about your risk for developing type 2 diabetes. The Diabetes Risk Test, which is available on the American Diabetes Association website, asks questions about family history, age, weight and other factors that could put you at risk for the disease. As an added incentive, everyone who takes the test will be provided with tips that can help prevent diabetes.

To learn more about the Diabetes Risk Test, click on the link at the bottom of this article.


***Spread the word!!! Spread the word!!! Use Facebook, Twitter, Stumbleupon and the other social media tools located in the sidebar and bottom of this article to tell others about this website.***

I'm living fit, healthy and happy(SM). Are you?


Article Sources

American Diabetes Association

Diabetes Hits America Hard: American Diabetes Is On The Rise

Diabetes Now Tops 347 Million People Worldwide, International Research Study Finds

Obesity Will Become Even More Prevalent By 2030, Report

World Health Organization Media Centre


"Today Is American Diabetes Alert Day" copyright 2013 Living Fit, Healthy and Happy(SM). All Rights Reserved.


Arthritis Treatment: New Approaches to Treating Gouty Arthritis

Arthritis Treatment: New Approaches to Treating Gouty Arthritis

Arthritis Treatment: New Approaches to Treating Gouty Arthritis
By Nathan Wei

Gout is a common cause of arthritis affecting more than 8 million Americans. Although it affects men more than women, there appears to be an increasing incidence of the disease in post-menopausal women. The incidence overall appears to be increasing as a result of the epidemic of obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and elevated lipids, all of which are associated with gout.

Gout, in 90 per cent of cases, is caused by the inability of the kidneys to get rid of urate. In the other 10 per cent, there is an overproduction of urate.

Animals other than humans don't get gout because they have an enzyme called uricase which breaks urate down and allows the animal to excrete it. Human beings, on the other hand, lack this enzyme and therefore are unable to excrete urate (uric acid) appropriately. This leads to accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints and other organ systems.

Gout typically occurs in three stages. The first stage is what is called "asymptomatic hyperuricemia." Asymptomatic hyperuricemia is characterized by elevate blood uric acid levels without attacks of gout. The higher the blood uric acid level is, though, the greater likelihood of an eventual attack.

The second phase or stage is termed "acute intermittent gout". During this stage, patients have attacks of gout but after the attack is over, they are relatively symptom free. The danger here is that chronic inflammation persists despite the absence of symptoms.

The third stage is called "chronic tophaceous gout." In this phase, patients have chronic pain due to repeated attacks of gout with an increasing burden of urate accumulation in the joints, kidneys, and other organs systems. Patients develop " tophi" which are deposits of inflammatory cells, urate crystals and fibrin. Gradual destruction of the joints occurs with the development of crippling deformity.

The treatment of gouty arthritis consists of a two-fold approach with relief of the acute attack accompanied by attempts to lower the urate burden.

Acute attacks can be treated with colchicine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and steroids. The latter can be given either orally or directly into the affected joint.

Drugs that lower urate need to be used for the chronic treatment of gout. These drugs, when initiated, need to be accompanied by gout prophylaxis in the form of daily doses of either colchicine or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, for at least six months. The reason is this: as urate shifts as a result of the effect of uric acid lowering drugs, there is a predisposition to acute attacks.

Drugs used to lower urate consist of medicines that make patients urinate out their uric acid (probenecid), medicines that suppress uric acid production ( allopurinol, febuxostat [Uloric]), and uricolytic drugs. An example of the latter is pegloticase (Krystexxa), which converts uric acid to allantoin, an inert ingredient that is then excreted.

Counseling a patient in regards to lifestyle and diet also plays a role in the comprehensive approach to gout.

Nathan Wei, MD, FACP, FACR is a rheumatologist and Director of the Arthritis Treatment Center He is a former Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and consultant to the National Institutes of Health. For more info:

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Fixing Your Hungry Hormones (Part 1)

Fixing Your Hungry Hormones (Part 1)

Fixing Your Hungry Hormones (Part 1)
By Scott Isaacs M.D.

In my last article I discussed the fat cell hormone leptin and how the body can become resistant to its effects. Leptin resistance is almost always seen in patients who are overweight. You could try to make more leptin to overcome resistance, but it turns out that this is not a numbers game and simply having more leptin probably won't do much. Think of it this way: When you are overweight, something is blocking your body's signals. Something is not telling your body to stop feeling hungry, even when you don't need to be eating. That something is leptin resistance. Giving more leptin simply won't fix the problem.

The key is to lessen the resistance, not overcome it. But, this is much easier said than done. Leptin resistance is a topic of intense scientific research. I do believe that one day we will have medications to treat leptin resistance. But in 2011, no such medications exist. It turns out that almost everyone who has leptin resistance also has insulin resistance. Insulin resistance, is the primary metabolic defect responsible for type 2 diabetes. Insulin is a hormone whose main job is to help move sugar from the blood stream into the body's cells. When the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin, blood sugar levels rise. Eventually these higher sugar levels move into the diabetic range. It makes sense that alleviating insulin resistance will also help leptin resistance. This does seem to hold some weight with the leptin experts.

Losing weight is a proven strategy for alleviating both leptin resistance and insulin resistance. Even losing five or ten pounds can lessen the resistance enough to make a difference. When hormone resistance is less, your body works more efficiently and you don't feel hungry at odd times. Your metabolism works better and you lose body fat. When you have insulin resistance and leptin resistance, losing weight becomes paramount. My books Hormonal Balance and the Leptin Boost diet contain a proven technique for permanently losing weight designed for people with leptin resistance and insulin resistance.

One of the most important things to remember when you start on your weight loss journey is to be realistic about calories. You simply cannot change the laws of physics when it comes to losing weight. If you consume fewer calories than your body needs, you will lose weight. When you consume more calories than your body needs, the extra are converted and then stored as fat. It is that simple.

The best way to eat fewer calories is to eat foods that are low in calories. The other option is to eat smaller portions of high calorie foods, but this seldom works because the smaller portions are not satisfying and leave you feeling hungry all the time. Eating larger portions but fewer calories helps this issue.

The complicated part comes in when you try to come up with a specific plan for losing weight. That is where I can help. Read my books. Read everything you can on insulin resistance and leptin resistance and you'll be well on your way to a leaner and healthier you.

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How To Raise Metabolism To Lose Weight

How To Raise Metabolism To Lose Weight

How To Raise Metabolism To Lose Weight
By Chris Chew

Raising the metabolic level is a sure way to control or lose weight. However, how fast your body burns calories will depend on a number factors.

Some people are just born with such high metabolism that they will not put on extra weight even though they are eating indiscriminately while others are born just the opposite and gain weight easily.

Guys tend to burn more calories than women even while resting because men have more muscles than women. As for the aging population, their metabolism slows down as they get older. Although you hardly can control your age, gender and genes, there are ways to raise your metabolic rate to keep your weight under control.

Aerobic Exercise - Performing aerobic exercises regularly can give a boost to your metabolic rate. If the exercise intensity is high enough, your metabolic rate can remain higher for several hours after your exercise is done with. This is because high intensity exercise delivers a bigger and longer increase in resting metabolic rate than lower or moderate intensity workouts. So, power up your workouts when you are exercising.

Drink More Water - Your body requires water to process calories. So if you are dehydrated, your metabolism may slow down. Several studies have confirmed that people who drink eight or more glasses of water per day tends to burn more calories than those who drink five or less. So if you want to maintain or lose weight, drink more plain water but not those sugary drinks which are chock full of calories.

Build Muscles - Muscular people burn more calories because the muscles are active tissues and thus have a higher metabolic effect. It is estimated that every pound of muscle burns about 6 or more calories per day just to sustain itself.

So if you have twenty pounds more muscle, you will be burning an extra 120 pounds a day and if extrapolate that into a year, you will be burning a whopping total of 43,800 calories. Meantime when you are building muscles doing weight training, you will also be burning calories during the workouts.

Eat More Often - Believe it or not, studies have shown that eating more often can help you to reduce weight. Having a smaller meal every 2 to 4 hours keeps your metabolism working overtime.

Also, those smaller meals should be high in protein. This is because your body burns more calories digesting protein and less for fat or carbohydrates. Protein requires as much as 25% more energy to digest as compared to the other macro-nutrients.

Drink Tea - Yes, drink tea, especially unsweetened green tea or oolong tea as tea offers the benefits of both caffeine and catechins. These substances are known to crank up your metabolism. Some reports suggested that drinking three to four cups of green or oolong tea may make your body burn up to 18 percent more calories than normal metabolism for a few hours.

Although all of the above tips may help you to crank up your metabolism in order to lose weight, your best bet is to build muscles and as the muscles stay on you, then you are burning calories naturally because of the higher metabolic rate which is already built into you.

Chris Chew is a weight loss consultant and suggests that if you really want to lose weight, then read how to lose weight fast and how to lose weight for girls and get the slim slender body that you desire.

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Arthritis Treatment: Gouty Arthritis - A Serious and Deadly Disease

Arthritis Treatment: Gouty Arthritis - A Serious and Deadly Disease

Arthritis Treatment: Gouty Arthritis - A Serious and Deadly Disease
By Nathan Wei

Elevated blood uric acid and gout are common conditions in the United States. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2008 (NHANES) has indicated that gout affects almost 4 percent of the population.

That's 8.3 million people. But more disturbing is the fact that gout incidence has more than doubled in the last couple of decades. There are many reasons for this including the rising incidence of other medical conditions that are risk factors for gout. These diseases include elevated blood lipids, diabetes, high blood pressure, and obesity. The sum total of these conditions is often referred to as the "metabolic syndrome." The metabolic syndrome appears to be the end result of lifestyle choices that are commonplace in the United States.

The economic burden of gout is tremendous and is due to increased frequency of emergency room services, increased doctor visits, and the costs of medications. In addition, as has been described earlier, gout is associated with other common medical conditions that also carry a hefty price tag.

While most people perceive gout as being just a painful form of arthritis, it is more than that. Because of its association with the above medical conditions, it is now recognized as a substantial risk factor for death due to cardiovascular disease. What is more surprising is that this elevated risk is independent of these other factors including the presence of high blood pressure, diabetes, age, gender, and elevated blood lipid levels.

Another disturbing association is gout and kidney disease. Many people with gout have kidneys that don't function at 100 per cent efficiency. Since uric acid is excreted through the kidneys, the eventual result is that there is less uric acid excretion and therefore gradual accumulation leading to elevated blood levels of uric acid. This sets up a vicious cycle since elevated blood levels of uric acid can make the kidney disease worse. Uric acid has been shown to causes inflammation of blood vessels which could contribute to the kidney damage as well as possibly to the cardiac issues described earlier.

Roughly, 60 per cent of people with gout have some degree of kidney dysfunction. The problem is that medications used to treat acute gout attacks such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and colchicine may have an adverse effect on kidney function. Also, the traditional medicine employed for reducing serum uric acid, allopurinol, also must have dose adjustments made in the presence of kidney abnormalities.

It is clear that gouty arthritis is a public health issue that causes significant morbidity as well as mortality and must be addressed more aggressively.

Nathan Wei, MD, FACP, FACR is a rheumatologist and Director of the Arthritis Treatment Center He is a former Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and consultant to the National Institutes of Health. For more info:

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