Cosmetic/Plastic Surgery

How Can Looking at Photographs of Tummy Tucks Help You?

How Can Looking at Photographs of Tummy Tucks Help You?

How Can Looking at Photographs of Tummy Tucks Help You?

By: Hanif Khaki

What you're about to read is a 'labor of love'. It didn't happen easily.

Hours and hours of learning and research went into gaining this experience and compiling it in a form you can benefit from. This article was meant to be a useful, educational and instructive resource for anyone interested in this topic.

Enjoy it - and do let us know what you think.

A tummy tuck, scientifically known as an abdominoplasty, helps people who have loose skin as a result of pregnancy or weight loss to regain a more youthful appearance. Abdominoplasty is a major surgical procedure in which a surgeon cuts loose skin away, sews together separated abdominal muscles, then sews existing skin back.

When considering abdominoplasty, it helps to look at photographs of tummy tucks. Before and after tummy tuck photographs can help you determine what you can expect in terms of results. The results of an abdominoplasty vary between patients, and a lot has to do with the way the individual body heals and responds to surgery. photographs of tummy tucks can also help you to see what to expect in terms of the actual procedure. Most people have a deep-rooted fear of the unknown. It can help to look at tummy tuck photographs to see what you will go through, if you have the stomach for it.

Now, pay attention closely. What you're about to read will help you save hours of frustrating, wasted hunting, and let you hone in on some of the best material on this subject!

When you consult with a surgeon, you will find their office will be filled with photographs of tummy tucks. Because you'll be going through a lot of waiting while in the doctor's office, it is a good opportunity to have a look at tummy tuck photographs. Based on what you see, you may speak with the surgeon about any concerns you have about the procedure, the recovery, and the expectations. You might even find that abdominoplasty is not a good option for you after looking at the above photographs of unsuccessful operations.

There is also a procedure called a mini tummy tuck that might be a better option for many people. You might find that a full tummy tuck is overkill. You might also find that a full tummy tuck is too expensive or is too invasive on your body. In this case, a mini tummy tuck may be your answer, as it uses a smaller incision. In a regular abdominoplasty your navel or belly button might be repositioned. A mini tummy tuck usually won't need the removal of tissue around the belly button and is usually left alone. It is usually done in the lower area of the abdomen and usually requires less skin removal and muscle repair. It is a one or two hour procedure, whereas a standard abdominoplasty can be up to six hours long.

Once your procedure is complete, you should be prepared for a prolonged recovery process. Recovery from abdominoplasty takes longer than many other cosmetic surgery procedures. In some cases, an overnight stay after the surgery is not required. However, in other cases, a hospital stay of one to two days might be required. You should be able to return to work after two to three weeks, but you'll be discouraged from doing any strenuous activity for at least three to five weeks.

As Always, please consult with your physician for additional information on this subject and be sure to check out the wealth of insight and knowledge on this topic online.


Author Bio
Hanif Khaki is the acclaimed author of numerous health related articles and the founder of the popular Tummmy Tuck resource site

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Bariatric Surgery Things You Should Be Aware Of

Bariatric Surgery Things to Be Aware Of

Bariatric Surgery Things You Should Be Aware Of

By: Jamie Snodgrass

When all other measures fail to control morbid obesity, weight loss surgery is a source of hope to the overweight. American doctors perform weight loss surgery over 140,000 times a year.
The oldest form of weight loss surgery is the most familiar, stomach stapling. In this 30-year-old procedure, most of the stomach is sliced and then stapled shut.

After the procedure, only a small pouch remains. Shrinking the stomach so it can only hold half a cup of food makes it easier to feel full.

In fact, most people who have weight loss surgery feel full after eating the amount of food that you could put on a coffee saucer. It becomes impossible to eat more than two quarter-cup servings (about 50 grams altogether) of anything at a single meal. Weight loss follows calorie restriction.

The newer and now more common form of weight loss surgery, the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, also makes the stomach surgically smaller. In this procedure, however, the stomach is not dissected and stapled shut.

In this newer form of weight loss surgery, the stomach is cut and sutured, or sewn, and the intestines are moved so that the end of the stomach is connected farther down the intestine.

This procedure leaves a smaller stomach that fills more quickly. It also leaves a shorter length of intestine to absorb fats (and other nutrients) from the smaller amounts of food that are eaten.

With this form of weight loss surgery, you don't just eat less. Your intestines absorb less of the food you do eat. Roux-en-Y bariatric surgery produces quicker and more significant weight loss than just stapling or banding the stomach.

There's also a third approach to weight loss surgery, the lap band.

The benefit of the lap band is that the weight loss surgery to install it can be laparoscopic, that is, done through an incision as little as one inch (25 mm) wide. Lap band surgery can even be an outpatient procedure, with the patient going home the same day. After lap band surgery, many patients go back to work in three to four days and resume all normal activities (except eating) within a week. The other gastric bypass procedures require a minimum of four days in the hospital and six to eight weeks before resuming an active lifestyle.

Another advantage of lap band surgery is a much lower risk of infection. Lap band surgery goes around the stomach, not into the stomach. The bacteria in the stomach do not leak into other parts of the body, and the risk of infection is greatly reduced. Lap band surgery is much less painful than the other procedures. And since pain in the muscles is so much less, patients are very unlikely to develop pneumonia or other breathing problems.

The disadvantage of lap band bariatric surgery is that not everyone can have it. The FDA at one time required that recipients of lap band bariatric procedures be at least 18 and no more than 50 years of age. It's also utterly essential not to be allergic to the material used to make the band. And if you overeat after you have a lap band in place, the effect is a little like pulling a napkin through a napkin ring. Too much food can stretch the band so that it damages the stomach. Lap band surgery is easier, but requires more discipline.

There is no form of weight loss surgery that is a complete cure for obesity all by itself. Lifetime attention to diet and exercise are still necessary. But successful weight loss surgery can give you the boost you need to regain control of your life and become truly, lastingly, healthily thin.

The Promise and Potential of "Fat Surgery" When Diets Fail
When all other measures fail to control morbid obesity, weight loss surgery or "fat surgery" is a source of hope to the overweight. American doctors perform surgical procedures to make weight loss easier well over 100,000 times a year.

The oldest form of fat surgery is the most familiar, stomach stapling. In this well-established procedure, most of the stomach is sliced and then stapled shut. After this form of fat surgery, only a small pouch of the stomach remains connected to the esophagus. The newly resized stomach can only hold half a cup of food. Having a smaller stomach makes it easier to feel full. In fact, most people who have fat surgery feel full after eating the amount of food that you could put on a coffee saucer. It becomes impossible to eat more than two quarter-cup servings (about 50 grams altogether) of anything at a single meal. Weight loss naturally follows.

Stomach stapling is the oldest form of fat surgery, and you can probably find a physician in your area who has a lot of experience doing it. In fact, you should only consider physicians and hospitals who have performed at least 100 operations. You don't want your doctor's training to be performed on you.

Other procedures are little harder to arrange.
The newer form of stomach reduction, the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, also makes the stomach surgically smaller. In this procedure, however, the stomach is not dissected and stapled shut. Instead, after the stomach's size is reduced, it is reattached to the small intestine at a lower point.

Roux-en-Y fat surgery leaves a smaller stomach that fills more quickly. It also leaves a shorter length of intestine to absorb fats (and other nutrients) from the smaller amounts of food that are eaten. With this form of fat surgery, you don't just eat less. Your intestines absorb less of the food you do eat. Roux-en-Y bariatric surgery produces quicker and more significant weight loss than just stapling or banding the stomach.

There's also a third approach to fat surgery, the lap band.
The benefit of the lap band is that the weight loss surgery to install it can be laparoscopic. The entire fat surgery can be done through an incision as little as one inch (25 mm) wide. Lap band surgery can even be an outpatient procedure, so you can go home the same day. After lap band surgery, many patients go back to work in three to four days and resume all normal activities (except eating) within a week. The other forms of fat surgery require a minimum of four days in the hospital and six to eight weeks before resuming an active lifestyle. You may be asking, "Why just shrink the stomach? Wouldn't it be simpler just to surgically remove all the fat?"

This procedure, called lipectomy, actually exists. Liposuction has the same effect. The problem with both lipectomy and liposuction is that high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and high blood sugars don't go down just because fat is removed from the body. Only the process of dieting seems to have this effect.

There is no form of fat surgery that is a complete cure for obesity all by itself. Lifetime attention to diet and exercise are still necessary. But successful weight loss surgery can give you the boost you need to regain control of your life and become truly, lastingly, healthily thin.


Author Bio
Author is marketer for sites such as :
Bariatric Surgery

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Alternatives For Cellulite Reduction

Alternatives For Cellulite Reduction

Alternatives For Cellulite Reduction

By: Nishanth Reddy

Are there any cellulite reduction alternatives? With the rare exception, liposuction is generally considered cosmetic surgery. For this reason liposuction is not considered as medically necessary.

Because of this, the decision is up to you whether or not to undergo liposuction procedure. You may decide that it is not right for you. And you can make that determination right up to the point of actually having the procedure.

Liposuction Alternatives

  • Exercise
  • Accept your body and appearance as it is.
  • Change diet to lose some excess body fat.
  • Use clothing or makeup to downplay or emphasize body or facial features.
  • Try some of the other methods such as topicals or body wrapping.

Whatever method you select for cellulite reduction make certain that, you have done your due diligence and select the most suitable method with the least amount of risk to obtain the results you desire.

There really is no alternate for good, old-fashioned, healthy nutrition and exercise. The tried and true methods do work:
1. Watch your diet.
2. Incorporate fresh and natural foods into your diet.
3. Get plenty of fiber.
4. Avoid high fat foods.
5. Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration.
6. Limit the consumption of caffeine and alcohol
7. Quit or cut down on smoking.
8. Get plenty of exercise.
9. Avoid medications not necessary to health and well being.

You can rid your body of excess toxins and promote a general state of health by following a regimen of good health, nutrition and exercise that is optimum for pursuing any program for dealing with cellulite.

Cellulite exercises, which will help you to get rid of cellulite, are weight training and cardiovascular exercises. These two exercises when done together will help you a lot in reducing cellulite.

Cardiovascular exercises include walking, jogging and swimming. Where as weight training exercises are simple to complex, which include squats, lunges, leg presses, leg curls, etc. Along with this cellulite exercises a five minutes massage and drinking of plenty of water will increase the blood flow, which indeed reduces cellulite.

Walking is an incredible exercise, which is useful in many ways. Walking puts the body in continuous rhythmic motion and benefits most parts of the body. It is not just the feet and legs but also the neck muscles, shoulders, back, abdomen and arms that you are putting into motion.

This is another wonderful exercise, which is useful in many ways. Body as a whole, will be getting benefited with jogging by strengthening the cardiovascular system, improving blood circulation, toning up muscles and thus helpful an exercise to get rid of cellulite.

Swimming is a great activity. It tones your entire body while providing an excellent cardiovascular workout; it strengthens your heart muscle and improves delivery of oxygen to muscles. Swimming is also a relaxing activity.

Weight Training
Weight training exercises to get rid of cellulite can range from simple to complex. Exercises such as squats and lunges are easy to do at home since they simply use the weight of your own body. Free weights can be used at the gym or purchased for home use and can be incorporated into exercises like squats.

You can find different weight training machines in Gyms and health clubs that have built in weight systems and provide a range of different exercises such as leg presses and leg curls.


Author Bio
Nishanth Reddy is an author and publisher of many health related websites. Visit his website for more Information about cellulite, causes of cellulite, different treatment methods like cellulite creams, Body Wraps and exclusive information about Liposuction surgery.

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Breast Implants: Opting For Implants After a Mastectomy

Breast Implants: Opting For Implants After a Mastectomy

Submitted by: Dr. Jay Orringer

A breast cancer diagnosis is devastating and turns a woman's life upside down. Women are fighting and beating the disease every day. But, in the process of saving their lives, they end up losing the most feminine bits of themselves. The hair will grow back, but the breasts will not.

If you have had a mastectomy to combat your cancer, you do have options for reclaiming your womanly figure. Breast implants are often used to give back what cancer has taken away. There are physical and psychological benefits to getting implants after a mastectomy.

Physical Benefits:

Yes, your health is all that matters and if you have beaten cancer then that is all that matters. But, you are still a woman and losing one or both of your breasts changes your physical appearance. After all the chemotherapy and radiation, feeling sick and losing your hair, you want to feel sexy and look like a woman again. Opting for breast implants to reclaim your curves and cleavage give you back some of your old self.

Reconstruction with breast implants will not restore you to your exact size, shape and appearance, but it can give you something similar. A determining factor is how much skin and tissue that can be saved. Some surgeons are using procedures that completely save the outer skin and simply remove the interior portion that is affected by the cancer.

If this type of procedure is done, you have a better chance of getting the size you need because the skin is intact. All the surgeon has to do is fill in the void under the skin. Other options include choosing a smaller size or grafting skin from other parts of the body.

Psychological Benefits:

It is not superficial to love your breasts. Sure they play a role in attracting a mate, but they are also the source of nutrition for your children. If you have kids, you know that the time spent breast-feeding is special and bonds you to your child. But even moms like to feel sexy and showing a little cleavage is a common way to do this.

If you've lost one or both to cancer, you may be feeling like less of a woman- undesirable, unattractive and certainly not sexy. Getting breast implants as part of your reconstruction can help you gain back your self-esteem and confidence.

You've been living with these things all your life, you've watched them grow and maybe even lamented that they weren't big enough. But, they are yours and you are proud of them. It is very traumatic to let them go even when you know it could save your life. Depression is very common for women who have had a mastectomy. Knowing that you can regain a bit of yourself makes the decision to remove them easier.

It is very important to discuss with all of your surgeons what you want before you have either procedure. When you do have the cosmetic procedure, choose the right surgeon. He must be board certified, but also see what his experience is with reconstruction. Also, check with your insurance company because many will cover this type of reconstructive surgery.

You've sacrificed a lot for your life, but you don't have to settle for what cancer has left you with. You've taken back your life; now take back your breasts.

About the Author: After mastectomy breast reconstruction Beverly Hills with breast implants may not restore you to your exact size, shape and appearance, but it can help regain your confidence. For details on breast implant products, you can visit to learn more.

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Choices That Need To Be Made While Undergoing Breast Implant Surgery

Choices That Need To Be Made While Undergoing Breast Implant Surgery

Choices That Need To Be Made While Undergoing Breast Implant Surgery
By Daniel Golshani

For a woman, undergoing a breast augmentation can be very exciting and life changing. Although the choice to have the operation may seem simple, there are many factors to be considered and choices to be made from incision site and placement to precise details regarding the implants. During the consultation with a board certified plastic surgeon, specific decisions are made during the course of the history and physical examination. Initially, the focus is addressing the psychological and emotional issues which the patient might have with respect to her breast followed by the physical findings, all which help create a path in choosing the best type of implant as well as type of procedure for the patient. Aspects considered include the type of implant, the texture of the implant, placement of the implant, incision site, and the dimensions of the implant.

Currently, the types of implants available are saline and the new cohesive silicone gel implants. Silicone gel implants have now been available for almost 4 years to the general public. After undergoing a series of prospective randomized studies, the FDA has approved silicone gel implants for the use of breast implants. The new silicone gel implants are cohesive, meaning they are designed in such fashion that even with a rupture of the implant shell, very minimal amounts of silicone may leak from the implant due to the nature of the silicone gel. Both types of implants are safe. The decision to have silicone or saline is generally based on preference of the patient as well as recommendations by the plastic surgeon.

Breast implants are available either smooth or textured. Generally speaking, smooth implants are most often used because they are able to move freely in the pocket, have thinner shells, longer implant life, and less risk of rippling. Textured implants, on the contrary, adhere to the skin in the pocket and prevent the implants from moving. Textured implants were originally designed to reduce the risk of capsular contracture, though it has not been conclusively proven in medical studies. Anatomical implants are solely available with a textured surface to prevent the implants from turning in the pocket. On the downside, textured implants have a higher rate of leakage and rippling in the breast post operative compared to smooth implants.

The decision to place the implant beneath or over the pectoralis major muscle are often times affected by the patients features such as the presence of very large pectoralis major muscles in an athletic patient, the presence or absence of breast tissue, and body contour and form. In general, it is accepted that placement of implants beneath the pectoralis major muscle yields a better contour and natural shape over longer periods of time as compared to implantation on top of the muscle. Also, patients are generally happier with the implant placed in a subpectoral position. On the contrary, in a patient who is a body builder or very athletic and where elevation of the pectoralis major muscle might result in potential functional issues for the patient as well as increase the chances that the implant may be displaced as a result of pectoralis major muscle over time, the implant would be placed in a subglandular location over the muscle.

The location of the incision varies depending on which type of implant is selected and what the patients breast shape is like. For example, a patient who has a very well formed areolar margin and has very minimal contour present beneath her breast, a peri-areolar incision might be the best location for the scar and usually yields almost invisible scars over a long period of time. Patients who present with a very well formed inframammary fold or crease beneath their breasts see great results with an incision in the inframammary fold and silicone gel implants because the scar can be hidden within the crease almost always yielding a scarless breast after surgery. The transaxillary or armpit approach is useful for patients undergoing saline augmentation mammoplasty as the passage of a silicone gel implant through the axillary incision could potentially jeopardize the integrity of the implant and nullify any warranties which may be included with the implant. When an implant is placed through the armpit, it is important for the surgeon to utilize a surgical scope to perform the procedure endoscopically, ensuring excellent placement and outcome. This also applies to the transumbilical approach where obviously silicone gel implant placement would be impossible. The integrity of a saline implant might also be questionable depending on the technique of placement. The decision for the incision location will be made with the plastic surgeon in order to achieve the desired outcome of the patient.

Finally, the type of dimensions, namely high profile vs moderate plus vs moderate profile, is selected in relation to the patients desired outcome as well as their anatomical features. High profile breast implants are more narrow in width and have more height as compared to moderate profile which is wider and less height. Moderate plus profile implants are in between high profile and moderate profile. During consultation, patients will have the option to try on different implants, including implants with different dimensions, in order to make a well informed decision.

Breast augmentation surgery is a complex procedure that involves a lot of decision making and choices to ensure excellent outcome for the patient. Consulting with a board certified plastic surgeon and having a clear idea of your desired outcome as well as realistic expectations can almost always guarantee great results.

Daniel Golshani, M.D., F.A.C.S., is a double board certified Plastic and Reconstructive surgeon, a diplomat of both the American Board of Plastic Surgery and the American Board of Surgery. Learn about breast augmentation and implant surgery today.

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Abdominoplasty - Operation Overview

Abdominoplasty - Operation Overview

Abdominoplasty - Operation Overview
By Andrea Avery

An abdominoplasty is a plastic surgery operation that is centered on the patient's stomach area. The aim of this procedure is to make the general appearance of the abdominal area firm, without any loose or sagging tissue and skin. Some people think that any overweight person can have this operation done to help with losing weight but this is far from the truth. The reality of it is that a currently obese person should initially lose significant weight in order for the surgery to be a success. The tummy tuck, another name for this technique, can be combined with liposuction centered on the abdominal area to maximize the results.

The patient should pass several interviews and some physical tests in order to qualify as a good candidate for the operation. There are a lot of factors that can affect the operation, hence, the rigid screening of the individual as a candidate for it. The physical and mental health of the prospective patient should be stable and the results should be explained well in order not to have inflated expectations after the abdominoplasty. The medical history of the patient should be examined and underlying conditions should be discussed.

After passing the screening for the tummy tuck, the patient is then scheduled for the tummy tuck. This can take days or weeks depending on the lifestyle of the patient and the schedules of both the patient and the doctor. In the operating room, the individual is placed under general anesthesia because of the pain and discomfort that usually accompanies an abdominoplasty. Vital signs are monitored while the doctor makes incisions, trims of excess skin, tissues and fat from the area. The amount of excess skin, tissues and fat can dictate the kind of method the doctor employs to implement the tummy tuck. There is a partial and a full tummy tuck as well as several others and some combinations of techniques. The doctor and patient usually agree beforehand which technique is appropriate for the person. The procedure can take up to five hours, if there is a combination of liposuction and maybe some complications.

The recovery period can be slow for an abdominoplasty operation because of the location of the incisions and the extent of the surgery. The surgeon always prescribes medication to prevent most complications and the prescription should be followed. It can take several weeks before the full range of movement is attained by the individual. Check ups are usually scheduled so that the doctor can monitor the patient's progress.

With Abdominoplasty Pittsburgh surgeons offer terrific results to their patients which include a sleeker, more toned appearing abdomen that their patients are proud to show off. To know more, visit

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What Does Your Smile Say About You?

What Does Your Smile Say About You?
By Penny Lane

A pretty smile gives you confidence and can make you feel good
about the way you look. When you feel good about yourself, it is
projected at into the world and others pick up on it. Modern
cosmetic dentistry techniques can be done painlessly through
sedation and improved dental techniques. If you would like a
smile that projects self-confidence then you need a cosmetic
dentist to help you improve your smile. Many people do not go to
the dentist because they are afraid of the pain. However, with
new techniques there is no need to fear the dentist any longer.
A sedation dentist can help give you a beautiful smile without
feeling any pain. Going to the dentist does not need to be an
unpleasant experience.

There are many ways to make your teeth look whiter and to make
you appear more confident. A dental professional can provide a
number of services that can help you to improve your smile.
Whitening is a way to make your teeth look whiter and brighter.
The process removes stains and substances that contribute to a
dull smile. A dentist can lighten your teeth in about an hour
and you can see immediate results. Teeth whitening treatments
done by a professional will last for many years. A laser is used
to activate a cleaning gel that whitens the teeth. A cosmetic
dentist can give you visibly whiter teeth with very little
hassle or trouble on your part.

Another option that a dental professional can use to give you
the smile that you want is by using veneers. This is a technique
that can fix almost any dental problem. The cosmetic specialist
places a covering over the teeth that are bonded to the natural
tooth surface. Veneers can be made from porcelain, pressed
ceramic, or a composite resin. Veneers can help to correct
stained teeth, teeth that are worn from normal wear and tear and
for those that are chipped, cracked, or uneven. A cosmetic
specialist can give you a smile that is perfect in every way.

Many people are afraid of the pain of going to the dentist and
will live with many years of poor teeth before they finally go.
However, a sedation expert can help take the worry out of
getting your teeth cleaned and repaired. They can offer several
types of measures to make you feel more comfortable during your

A dental office can offer a number of different sedation
techniques these include nitrous oxide, local anesthetics, oral
sedatives, or IV sedation. The dental professional has many
options available to help keep you comfortable during your
visit. There is no reason to feel pain during your visit and a
professional can help you to have a pleasant experience. In must
be noted that sedation and pain relief are different from one
another. A dental expert will have to give you a local
anesthetic in addition to a sedative in order to make sure that
you have as pain free experience as possible. A beautiful smile
is important in so many ways and dental professional make your
smile the best that it can be.

About the Author: For more information about cosmetic dentists
go to .


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Cellulite Treatment

Cellulite Treatment
By Tracey Morgan

If the glossy gossip magazines are to be taken at face value,
cellulite is the most heinous evil that womankind can inflict
upon the general public. And woe betide the celebrity who dares
to enter the public realm wearing shorts, a skirt or beach-wear
whilst having cellulite. They can expect zoomed in, magnified,
and yes, even digitally enhanced images of their thighs with
captions such as “orange peel” underneath. The staff on these
magazines presumably have the legs of shop window dummies. They
arguably share their brains.

Only a tiny proportion of women go through their lives without
ever having cellulite of some sort. It’s well known for
appearing around the thighs or buttocks, but it can also appear
on the abdomen and pelvic region, although this is much less
likely to be seen in public. Interestingly, it is a condition
that overwhelmingly affects women, and men who have signs of
cellulite often have a medical condition related to hormones. It
is thought that the reason for this male-female split is down to
the fact that women’s fat cells are not as closely packed as
men’s are, and it is the tightening of these loosely arranged
cells that squeezes the fat outwards under the skin, causing the
familiar dimpled effect.

Despite its ubiquity, cellulite is a condition that most women
would rather not have. Particularly severe cases can look
unsightly enough to sap confidence and force them to avoid
skirts shorter than knee-length, or avoid situations such as
beaches and swimming pools entirely. As cellulite tends to start
appearing after adolescence has finished, it also hints at
aging, something many of us, male and female, try to hide for as
long as possible.

So while it certainly is not “wrong” to have cellulite, and
it’s certainly morally wrong to poke fun at people who have it,
there is nothing wrong with wanting to get rid of cellulite. Is
it any different from having our teeth whitened or dyeing our

First of all, cellulite is not a side-effect of being
overweight, which is sometimes assumed. It can affect women of
all sizes, although leading a sedentary lifestyle and eating an
unhealthy diet can certainly make its appearance more
pronounced. This is because bad circulation and drainage will
increase the seepage of the fats that cause cellulite. So
although cellulite is indeed a manifestation of fat, it is not
the same as being fat – there are many different kinds of fat in
the human body, and they serve vital purposes.

Once it is established, getting rid of cellulite is not the
impossibility it once was, either. A particularly effective form
of treatment uses a machine that emits radio frequency waves.
These are the most effective waves that are known to penetrate
just deeply enough under the surface of the skin (approximately
2 cm) to heat the fatty layer beneath the dermis, which
effectively melts the fat, making it more fluid. Also, the
stimulation of the dermis itself with this treatment can cause
the production of extra collagen, having a beneficial firming

So if preventative methods haven’t done the trick, even
relatively advanced cases of cellulite can often be dealt with
by a few trips to a clinic specialising in cosmetic treatment.
And as the treatment is getting more and more common, you don’t
need to be a celebrity to afford it.

About the Author: Writing about cellulite treatment and other
skin improvement procedures has made Tracey quite an authority.
She understands the difficult choices faced by patients and is
able to provide information about experts in the field such as in London.


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Get a Brilliant Smile With Cosmetic Teeth Whitening

Get a Brilliant Smile With Cosmetic Teeth Whitening
By Adriana J. Noton

There are many new and exciting ways to brighten your smile
with cosmetic teeth whitening, with some options that you can do
at home, or procedures that a dentist would have to perform in
their office.

The easiest of the whitening options are the over the counter
store bought kits that include a bleaching gel with a
concentration lower than that of the professionally dispensed
take-home whiteners. The gel is applied to the teeth by way of
one-size-fits-all plastic trays, strips or paint-on applicators.
Read all of the directions completely before using for the best
results possible.

Depending on the kit you choose, it may enable the whitening of
only the front teeth, or might contain entire trays that are
molded to help whiten all the way around. Sometimes one use will
not be enough to get the desired results and depending on the
type used, a second application at a later date after initial
treatment may be needed.

Another option is to utilize the type of trays that the dentist
office provides. These trays are usually custom fitted to your
mouth and contain a more concentrated bleaching agent that the
dentist can determine what is appropriate for your situation.
The results of using these types of trays may last longer than
store bought varieties.

A popular option for lightening and brightening your smile is
to visit a dental professional who specializes in such services.
There are many benefits to opting for going to the dentist as
opposed to doing it at home, one being that there is a dentist
there to help with any issues that may come up. This could
include gum sensitivity to the bleaching material or to ensure
complete tooth area coverage.

Laser whitening is a newer, combined version using the
bleaching gel and then applying a laser light in sequences to
brighten the teeth. This is a good option for someone who has
sensitive teeth and gums, as it is not as abrasive as some of
the other bleaches can be. It is also very quick process and can
be done in one visit to the dentist in about an hour.

Another increasingly popular option is to cover the stained
teeth up completely with porcelain veneers. These are very thin,
hard shells that are bonded directly to the surface of the
tooth, allowing the user to essentially have the appearance of a
new smile without the hassle and pain of dentures. Many people
find these to be a very workable solution to a busy lifestyle,
as the veneer surfaces can last several years with proper care.
This particular process is especially appealing to people who
are in the public eye or in a job where their appearance is

There are also many different toothpastes, mouthwashes and even
dental floss on the market that can help in the daily regimen of
smile maintenance. Whatever your choice of cosmetic teeth
whitening, read all of the pros and cons to make the best
decision, then enjoy the self esteem that a great smile can

About the Author: Local dentist Thornhill offering you
comprehensive dental care and perfecting your smile in a
convenient and clean Thornhill dental care clinic.


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Breast Reconstruction After Mastectomy: Options For Restoration

Breast Reconstruction After Mastectomy: Options For Restoration
By Dr. Jay Orringer

Today, a wide variety of breast reconstructive options exist.
An understanding of the basic concepts will help greatly in the
decision making process. In general terms, there are two ways to
reconstruct a breast. The simpler method involves the use of a
temporary adjustable-volume implant called an expander. Salt
water is added to the expander until a pleasing size has been
achieved. The expander is then replaced with an implant. The
more involved category of reconstruction involves the use of
one's own tissues, transferred from the back, abdomen or

Expander, followed by implant, reconstructions have the
advantage of being simpler procedures and the scars are limited
to the chest. However, these devices require maintenance
(replacement) over the course of time. When the chest wall
tissues are thin following mastectomy, edges and ripples are
more visible unless the padding over the implant is improved.

One common way to improve thickness over the implant is with
the use of AlloDerm. This is a sheet up to 3mm thick, derived
from human skin. However, it is treated such that the cells are
removed from it and the patients cells grow into it. Because the
original cells have been removed from it, it tends to be
well-tolerated. It becomes, in essence, another layer of one's
own tissue. This may decrease the devices' visibility and
palpability. It has gained widespread use today.

A second way to improve the appearance and thickness over an
implant reconstruction is with the addition of tissue
transferred from the back. This is called a latissimus flap. A
scar on the outer part of the back may be traded for a less
conspicuous scar on the breast. The transfer of healthy tissue
over the augmentation may increase the natural quality and the
durability of this method of reconstruction, but the trade-offs
must be weighed in discussion with your surgeon. Implant
reconstructions often do not do well long-term following prior
radiation, without the addition of healthy tissue as with the
latissimus flap.

Breast restoration from the abdomen and buttocks may provide
enough skin and fat to make a new breast without an implant.
These options avoid maintenance issues, but are much more
involved procedures. A potentially more natural and permanent
reconstruction may result. However, a scar at the site from
where the tissue was taken results. In addition, some weakness
occurs from the transfer of muscle. This is usually well
tolerated in most people, but each individual has a different
experience. The TRAM flap was the first transfer of skin, fat
and muscle to make a new breast mound. It has been followed by
muscle-sparing free TRAM flaps and DIEP flaps.

The free TRAM flap takes less abdominal muscle and usually has
a better blood supply than the traditional TRAM flap. However,
it requires microsurgical expertise to perform the transplant
and it is not always successful. In an effort to take
muscle-sparing further, the DIEP flap was developed. This flap
spares more muscle, although the abdominal muscle is not totally
spared of damage. The blood supply of the DIEP flap may not be
as hearty as that of the muscle-sparing free TRAM flap. The
traditional TRAM flap, muscle-sparing free TRAM and DIEP flap
are all good options in selected patients.

The gluteal or GAP is the least commonly done and most complex
option. It involves the transfer of buttock skin and fat to make
the breast. It is usually done in women with little abdominal
fat or in those having undergone previous tummy tuck, especially
those with chest wall radiation damage. GAP flaps are currently
done at limited centers. Again, in the well-selected patient, it
can be a very good option.

Skin-sparing mastectomies involve removal of the nipple and
underlying tissue while leaving most of the skin. Newer types of
skin-sparing incisions may simulate a breast lift, avoiding the
less aesthetic scar on the inner aspect of the reconstructed
breast. In the appropriately selected patient, this procedure
has improved greatly the cosmetic appearance of both implant and
tissue reconstructions.

Whether to undergo reconstruction with expander and implant
with AlloDerm or latissimus flap or whether to have a
reconstruction with your own tissue without an implant is a
question that must be carefully considered with your surgeon.
The type of reconstruction and incision should be discussed in
detail prior to the procedure. A well thought out plan will more
likely produce a result that appears most aesthetic and is
optimally pleasing to the patient.

About the Author: For most women in Beverly Hills, breast
reconstruction is a vital part of recovery from breast cancer.
Dr. Jay Orringer has more than two decades of experience
performing breast reconstruction and is constantly evaluating
techniques for the most natural-looking results.


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